An Annotated Bibliography
by William H. McIlhany
The problem with documenting the existence of a Master Conspiracy is certainly not one of a lack of evidence. If anything, the challenge is dealing with such vast, cumbersome, and time-consuming research material, and then communicating a concise summary of the thesis clearly and convincingly.
There are mountains of evidence, which can be organized in three standard categories: Primary source material, consisting of original documents, diaries, records, correspondence, and physical evidence from the persons directly involved in the events; contemporary source accounts written about the events close to the time they occurred; and secondary source material, which is overwhelmingly the easiest to obtain, consisting of accounts written much later.
Unless a secondary source utilizes verifiable primary or contemporary sources, its content proves little more than the opinion of the author. This is true not only of many so-called "conspiracy" books in recent decades, but also of many mainstream histories and biographies. In this bibliography we have concentrated on primary and contemporary sources, using more available secondary sources only when they contain and cite the original source material. Many of the original sources are available in major national, university, and private libraries, and some are available in recent reprint editions. They can also be searched by antiquarian book dealers. Several of the titles still in print are advertised in this issue on the inside front cover (designated by an "*") and page 62 ("†").
I. Order of the Illuminati
The original published form of the Order's papers include: Einige Originalschriften des Illuminatenordens (Munich, 1787); Nachtrag von weiteren Originalschriften (Munich, 1787); and Die neuesten Arbeiten des Spartacus und Philo in dem Illuminatenorden (Munich, 1794). Published collections of the Illuminati papers include: Richard van Dülmen, ed., Der Geheimbund der Illuminaten (Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1977); and Henry Coston, La Conjuration des Illuminés (Paris: La Librairie Française, 1979).
Two contemporary works which utilized the original documents were: John Robison's Proofs of a Conspiracy Against All the Religions and Governments of Europe* (New York: George Forman, 1798; reprint edition, Boston: Western Islands, 1967); and Abbé Augustin Barruel's Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, 4 vols. (London: T. Burton, 1797-1798). Barruel's study presents a much more detailed and more persuasively written account than Robison's, and this very important work is now back in print in a single volume, after being unavailable for over a century.*
Nesta H. Webster's World Revolution (Boston: Small, Maynard and Co., 1921) offers the most important secondary general history on this subject. The revised and updated edition published by Britons (Devon, England, 1971) contains an index and bibliography, as well as the important corrections Webster made prior to her death in 1960. Webster's Secret Societies and Subversive Movements (London: Boswell, 1924) is also very important, but unfortunately the last two chapters were never revised.
James H. Billington's Fire in the Minds of Men: The Origins of the Revolutionary Faith (New York: Basic Books, 1980) presents a copiously researched history of revolutionary politics, beginning with the Illuminati. Billington, who is presently the Librarian of Congress, is a respectable scholar whose findings cannot be dismissed as "right-wing" fantasies.
II. French Revolution and Napoleon
The article "Croquis ou Project de Revolution de Monsieur de Mirabeau" from Mystäres de la Conspiration (Paris 1791), and "Les Idées de Mirabeau sur la Franc-Maconnerie" from Révolution Française (October 1882) and (as translated by H.C. Bruce Wilson) Mirabeau's Scheme for the Political Penetration of Freemasonry (Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge, vol. LVII, 1944, pp. 138-148) represent two primary sources in which the Illuminist Mirabeau expressed a plan to use French freemasonry to bring about a revolution.
Essai sur la Secte des Illuminés (Paris, 1789) was written anonymously by the Marquis de Luchet in 1788 to warn that the Illuminati intended to use French freemasonry to foment the revolution which occurred after the book was published. Nesta H. Webster's The French Revolution: A Study in Democracy (London: Constable, 1919), a master work documented with primary sources, reads like a textbook of subversive tactics that have been carried out ever since. Other valuable insights and details are found in Webster's Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette Before the Revolution (London: Constable, 1936), and Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette During the Revolution (London: Constable, 1937).
J.E.S. Tuckett's study "Napoleon I. and Freemasonry," from Transactions of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge (vol. XXVII, 1914) offers evidence that Napoleon was initiated into French lodges controlled by the Illuminati. The fashion in which the Illuminati used and then disposed of Napoleon is examined in the three-volume work Les Sociétés Secrètes et la Société by N. Deschamps and Claudio Jannet (Avignon: Fr. Seguin Ainé, 1876), much of which is summarized in English in The War of the Antichrist with the Church and Christian Civilization by Msgr. George F. Dillon (Dublin: M.H. Gill & Son, 1885). This very important work has been reprinted (with an inaccurate preface) as Grand Orient Freemasonry Unmasked as the Secret Power Behind Communism (London: Britons, 1965).
Those who are new to the Master Conspiracy thesis might consult Rev. Clarence Kelly's study Conspiracy Against God and Man* (Boston: Western Islands, 1969), which provides a scholarly but accessible examination of the Illuminati and the French Revolution.
III. Survival and Continuity of the Illuminati
Authenticated reproductions of correspondence among Weishaupt's agents up until 1814 are available in Benjamin Fabre's Un Initié des Sociétés Secrètes supérieures "Franciscus, Eques A Capite Galeato" 1753-1814, Portrait et Documents inédits Nombreuses reproductions en Photogravure, Preface de Copin-Albancelli (Paris: La Renaissance Française, 1913).
The role of Italian illuminist Fillippo Buonarroti in continuing Weishaupt's work is examined in Memoirs of the Secret Societies of the South of Italy, Particularly the Carbonari, Translated from the Original Ms. (London: John Murray, 1821) and J. Cretineau-Joly's two-volume L'Église Romaine en face de la Révolution (Paris: Plon, 1860), as well as in The First Professional Revolutionist: Filippo Michele Buonarroti, 1761-1837 by Elizabeth L. Eisenstein (Cambridge: Harvard, 1959), and Arthur Lehning's essay "Buonarroti and His International Secret Societies" in the International Review of Social History (1956), Vol. I, pp. 112-140.
Scholarly treatments of the Illuminati's continuing influence upon France can be found in The Cradle of Rebellions: A History of the Secret Societies of France by Lucien de la Hodde (New York: John Bradburn, 1864); French Freemasonry and the Third Republic by Mildred Headings (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1949); and La Republique du Grand Orient by Henry Coston (Paris: La Librairie Française, 1976).
IV. Communist Movement: Illuminist Spawn
The Utopian Communist: A Biography of Wilhelm Weitling, Nineteenth-Century Reformer by Carl Wittke (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1950) illustrates the pivotal role of the "League of the Just" in the transition from Weishaupt's Illuminati to the 19th century communist movement. This is also documented in Karl Marx: The Red Prussian by Leopold Schwartzchild (New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1947).
The continuation of conspiratorial efforts to use terrorism and assassination is documented in Anarchy and Anarchists by Michael J. Shaack (Chicago: F.J. Schulte, 1889). Recently reprinted in hardback, Shaack's book is an exhaustive history of the Chicago Haymarket Square bombing in 1886 and its background in illuminist-dominated European radical politics.
V. Nazism's Illuminst Origins
Rudolf von Sebottendorff's Bevor Hitler Kam (Munich, 1934) is a valuable contemporary account. Details of the Nazi movement's occultic/illuminist roots are found in Hitler et les sociétés secrètes: Enquete sur les sources occultes du nazisme by Rene Alleau (Paris: Editions Bernard Grasset, 1969). Other studies include The Occult and the Third Reich by Jean-Michel Angebert (New York: MacMillan, 1974); and Satan and Swastika, The Occult and the Nazi Party by Francis King (St. Albans, Herts: Mayflower, 1976). The crucial linkages between Soviet Communism and German National Socialism are documented in Cecil F. Melville's The Russian Face of Germany (London: Wishart, 1932) and Jan Valtin's Out of the Night (New York: Alliance, 1944).
VI. World War I and the League of Nations
How Diplomats Make War (New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1921) by Francis Neilson and How the War Came by The Earl Loreburn (London: Methuen & Company, 1919) offer detailed accounts of diplomatic plotting in the buildup to WWI. Compelling explorations of the duplicity that entangled the U.S. in WWI can be found in America Goes to War by Charles Callan Tansill (Boston: Little Brown, 1938) and Colin Simpson's groundbreaking exposé, The Lusitania (Boston: Little Brown, 1972).
Detailed first-person recollections of "Colonel" Edward Mandell House, one of the principal plotters, have been compiled in Intimate Papers of Colonel House, Charles Seymour, ed. (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1928, 4 vols.). Philip Dru: Administrator, A Story of Tomorrow, 1920-1935 (New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1912), published anonymously by House, offers the arch-conspirator's blueprint for socialist reforms of America's political system and the creation of a "League of Nations." La Dictature de la Franc-Maçonnerie sur la France, Documents by A.G. Michel (Paris: Editions Spes, 1924) documents the Illuminist origin of the League of Nations.
VII. The Bolshevik Coup in Russia
Edgar Sisson's One Hundred Red Days: A Personal Chronicle of the Bolshevik Revolution (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1931) is a valuable firsthand account of the Bolshevik conspiracy in action. Another riveting account is found in Stefan A. Possony's A Century of Conflict (Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1953).
George Katkov's study "German Foreign Office Documents on Financial Support to the Bolsheviks in 1917" in International Affairs, vol. 32, no. 2 (April 1956) and Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution by Antony Sutton (Westport, CT: Arlington House, 1974) document early Western support for the Russian communists. Both sources present the evidence, rather than the conclusions, of the respective authors.
VIII. New Deal and Soviet Infiltration of Executive Branch
Wall Street and F.D.R. by Antony C. Sutton (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1975) and "Hearings, House of Representatives, Select Committee to Investigate Certain Statements of Dr. William Wirt," 73rd Congress, 2nd Session, April 10 and 17, 1934 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1934) provide crucial background to the collectivist revolution brought about by FDR. Valuable background to this revolution is found in G. Edward Griffin's monumental The Creature From Jekyll Island, A Second Look at the Federal Reserve* (Westlake, CA: American Media, 1994).
The Web of Subversion by James Burnham (Boston: Western Islands, 1965) and Red Scare or Red Menace? American Communism and Anticommunism in the Cold War Era by John E. Haynes (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1996) document the reality of Soviet infiltration of the Executive Branch, which began in earnest during the New Deal.
IX. Bringing on World War II
David Irving's Churchill's War (New York: Avon Books, 1991) may be the most important and best documented study of this topic by one of the outstanding historians of the century. Extraordinary insights are also found in Francis Neilson's The Churchill Legend (Appleton, WI: C.C. Nelson, 1954), The Makers of War (Appleton, WI: C.C. Nelson, 1950), and his major five-volume work, The Tragedy of Europe, A Commentary on the Second World War, 1938-1945 (Appleton, WI: C.C. Nelson, 1940-1946).
The complicity of FDR's administration in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor is documented in Infamy: Pearl Harbor and Its Aftermath by John Toland (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982). Many earlier works proved that the Roosevelt Administration not only encouraged Japan to attack in order to have an excuse to enter the war but knew in advance about Pearl Harbor. Those works include Perpetual War For Perpetual Peace, Harry Elmer Barnes, ed. (Caldwell, ID: Caxton, 1953) and Back Door to War, The Roosevelt Foreign Policy, 1933-1941 by Charles Callan Tansill (Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1952).
The role of Western Insiders in catapulting Hitler to power is the subject of Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler by Antony C. Sutton (Seal Beach, CA: '76 Press, 1976).
X. The United Nations and the New World Order
Primary source documentation of explicit plans of top U.S. officials to submerge the U.S. under a UN-run world government can be found in Freedom From War: The United States Program for General and Complete Disarmament in a Peaceful World, Department of State Publication 7277 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1961), and A World Effectively Controlled by the United Nations by Lincoln P. Bloomfield (Washington, DC: Institute for Defense Analyses, 1962).
Agenda 21: The Earth Summit Strategy to Save Our Planet edited by Daniel Sitarz (Boulder, CO: Earthpress, 1993) provides the text of the UN's proposal for planetary eco-tyranny and enthusiastically endorses it as "an array of actions which are intended to be implemented by every person on earth," and a plan which "will require a profound reorientation of all human society, unlike anything the world has ever experienced."
The mass murder of civilians in Katanga by UN "peacekeepers" is documented in 46 Angry Men by the 46 civilian doctors of Elizabethville (Belmont: American Opinion, 1962) and Rebels, Mercenaries and Dividends: The Katanga Story by Chicago Daily News correspondent Smith Hempstone (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1962).
Our Global Neighborhood: The Report of The Commission on Global Governance (Oxford University Press, 1995) presents detailed plans for equipping the UN with taxing authority, a battle-ready military, an international criminal court with mandatory jurisdiction over individuals, and every other attribute of a fully-functioning world government.
Three amply documented critical studies of the UN are The Fearful Master, A Second Look at the United Nations by G. Edward Griffin (Boston: Western Islands, 1964), Global Tyranny … Step By Step† by William F. Jasper (Appleton, WI: Western Islands, 1992), and Freedom on the Altar† by William Norman Grigg (Appleton, WI: Western Islands, 1995).
XI. Domestic and Foreign Policy Elite
Carroll Quigley's mammoth historical study Tragedy and Hope* (New York: MacMillan, 1966) includes a frank discussion of the "anglophile network" which links the Council on Foreign Relations to world-government-promoting elites worldwide, including the communists. A detailed and documented history of that network is offered in Quigley's The Anglo-American Establishment* (New York: Books in Focus, 1981) and Walter Nimock's Milner's Young Men: The "kindergarten" in Edwardian Imperial Affairs (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1968).
William H. McIlhany II's The Tax-Exempt Foundations (New Rochelle: Arlington House, 1980) contains the only in-depth coverage of the findings of Norman Dodd, Research Director of the Reece Committee congressional investigation from 1953-54, including the roles played by Wayne Hays, former CIA Director William Casey and, regrettably, René Wormser in sabotaging the investigation. The Shadows of Power: The Council on Foreign Relations and the American Decline* by James Perloff (Appleton, WI: Western Islands, 1988) uses the CFR's own publications and official history in compiling a compelling indictment of the group.
XII. Maintenance and Expansion of Communist Power Since 1917
Antony C. Sutton's three-volume Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development, 1917-1965 (Stanford: Hoover Institution, 1968-1973) details the total dependency of the Soviet Union on Western aid and technology, most of that from the United States or subsidized by U.S. taxpayers. This work was summarized and updated in his books National Suicide: Military Aid to the Soviet Union (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1974) and The Best Enemy Money Can Buy (Billings, Montana: Liberty House, 1986).
Other important sources include: From Major Jordan's Diaries by Maj. George Racey Jordan (Boston: Western Islands, 1965); Red Carpet by Joseph Finder (New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, 1983); Vodka Cola by Charles Levinson (London: Gordon and Cremonesi, circa 1978); and East Minus West = Zero by Werner Keller (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1962). The bloody results of this relationship are on display in R.J. Rummel's Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917 (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1990) and China's Bloody Century: Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1900 (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1991).
XIII. Communist Strategy for Conquest
The comprehensive Soviet blueprint for world revolution was set forth in Moscow on September 1, 1928 as the Program of the Communist International Adopted At Its 6th Congress, and has been followed religiously by the Soviet strategists for nearly 70 years. This document can be found in The Communist International: Documents, Vol. 2: 1923-1948, edited by Jane Degras (New York: F. Cass Co., 1971).
Rabbi Marvin Antelman's To Eliminate the Opiate (New York: Zahavia, 1974) explores the illuminist/communist subversion of traditional Judaism. Mary Ball Martinez's The Undermining of the Catholic Church (Published by the author, second edition, address: Amsterdam 99-501, Mexico, D.F., 06100, Mexico, 1991) examines the subversion of Catholicism.
The effort to foment racial antagonisms is explored in Alan Stang's It's Very Simple: The True Story of "Civil Rights" (Boston: Western Islands, 1965) and William H. McIlhany II's Klandestine: The Untold Story of Delmar Dennis and His Role in the F.B.I.'s War Against the Ku Klux Klan (New Rochelle: Arlington House, 1975).
The Soviet KGB international terrorist network is the subject of Histoire Secrète des Organisations Terroristes, 4 vols. (Genève: Éditions Famot, 1976) by Pierre deVillemarest; The Terror Network (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1981), The Time of the Assassins (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1983), and Thieves' World (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994), all by Claire Sterling; Red Cocaine by Joseph D. Douglas (Atlanta, GA: Clarion House, 1990); and Terrorism: The Soviet Connection by Ray S. Cline and Yonah Alexander (New York: Crane Russak, 1984).
XIV. U.S. Foreign Policy After 1945: Promoting Communism Everywhere
Ambassador Arthur Bliss Lane's I Saw Poland Betrayed (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1948) was suppressed immediately upon publication. A similar effort was made to spike Robert Welch's critical profile of Dwight Eisenhower, The Politician (Boston: Belmont Publishing, 1964). Alan Stang's The Actor: The True Story of John Foster Dulles (Boston: Western Islands, 1968) and Hilaire du Berrier's Background to Betrayal: The Tragedy of Vietnam (Boston: Western Islands, 1965) provide elaborate background on the perfidy of America's ruling elite. Earl E.T. Smith's The Fourth Floor (New York: Random House, 1962) details the betrayal of Cuba, and Nicaragua Betrayed (Boston: Western Islands, 1980) by Anastasio Somoza and Jack Cox documents the nearly identical betrayal of Nicaragua.
XV. Glasnost and Perestroika: The KGB's Massive Deception Since 1989
Anatoliy Golitsyn's New Lies For Old* (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1984) and The Perestroika Deception* (London & New York: Edward Harle Ltd., 1995) are indispensable for an understanding of the ongoing Soviet "reforms." Edward J. Epstein's Deception: The Invisible War Between the KGB and the CIA (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989) is another valuable source. Since 1991, Soviet Analyst journal, edited and published by Christopher Story ($350 for 10 issues per year from: World Reports Limited, 108 Horseferry Road, London SW1P 2EF), has provided detailed analysis of Soviet disinformation strategy written from the perspective of Anatoliy Golitsyn.