|An Economy Based on Usury|
|E. Walter Carr takes a look at Britain's iniquitous financial system|
The study of Britain's banking and monetary system is made complex due to so much of the system's activity being conducted in semi-secrecy.
The system of banking that we were taught at school was completely misleading. We were told that our spare money, called savings, was given to the bank for safe keeping. The bank gave us a book in which they entered the amounts. The bank paid us a small interest on this money which it added to our savings annually. We were told that the bank lent our savings to its customers at a higher rate than it gave us, and that the difference was what the bank kept for the wages of its staff, buying and servicing its buildings, producing currency and its profit. This is honourable trading, but it is a very tiny part of what really happens in banking. In practice it is just 'window-dressing', concealing the very large-scale legalised counterfeiting which takes place in banks.
Over the years, statements have been made by many people who had great knowledge of the banking and monetary system which should have set off alarm bells amongst the British people.
Here are three examples:-
1) Henry Ford I. The motor magnate who pioneered mass production in factories wrote:
2) Nathan Rothschild (1777-1836), banker, said: "Allow me to issue and control a country's money and I care not who writes its Laws."
3) Reginald McKenna, former British Chancellor of the Exchequer and Chairman of Midland Bank, said in a speech to shareholders in 1924: "The banks create money when they lend or make a purchase. Those people who have control over the credit of a country hold in the palm of their hand the fate of that country and determine its policies."
How it began
To help with the understanding of our monetary system a little history may be helpful. From the earliest times of commerce, gold has been used for measuring wealth, although it is useless for supporting life, and there are many more useful metals in the world.
Coins were made from gold, and the weight of a coin was the equivalent of a pound's weight of silver. Hence the term Pound Sterling. Silver and copper were sometimes used for coins of lesser value.
Security was always a problem with gold, and towards the end of the Middle Ages holders of large quantities of gold coins or gold bars commenced taking their precious metal to goldsmiths for safe keeping, as these craftsmen possessed the best and biggest safes. The owners of the gold paid a storage charge to the goldsmiths for their service and received receipts for their deposits.
Originally, the owners of the gold withdrew it from the goldsmith's safe as required for their trading and the receipts were cancelled.
After a period of time, however, people became so confident with the safety of their gold in the vaults of the goldsmiths that they commenced exchanging their receipts only. These receipts were called cheques, and this was the beginning of a type of cheque system of money.
As the process of exchanging receipts continued, the gold remained in the goldsmiths' safes doing nothing. The goldsmiths, realising that their safes were continually full of gold, began lending it to other people and charging 10 per cent interest on it. In practice, the goldsmiths did not hand over gold to the new customer but merely issued a receipt for the loaned amount, just as they had done in earlier times to the owner of the gold.
The gold did not belong to the goldsmiths, who were being paid by the owners of it for safe storage - but now they were lending it to other people and receiving 10 per cent interest in addition!
These goldsmiths, mainly Jewish, were the world's first bankers, and soon became very wealthy with the aid of gold which they did not own! That is usury.
When King Edward 1st of England came to the throne in 1272, he soon became aware of the social and economic problems that members of the Jewish community were causing as a result of their usury, and he would not allow himself to be bribed into protecting their money-lending activities. He made a law which stated that Jews could only make a living in England as merchants, farmers, craftsmen or soldiers - the honest occupations followed by their Gentile fellow-subjects.
The Jews were not happy with this law and secretly carried on with their usury - charging up to 20 per cent interest on loans. They also engaged in coin-clipping of gold and silver coins, which they melted down and sold as bullion in Europe, thus putting the English economy in peril by draining gold out of the country.
King Edward lost his patience with this corruption, and in 1290 issued the Statute of Jewry. This ordered all Jews out of the Realm with all of their possessions and forbade them ever to return. Most were given a safe escort to France. (For full details see: The Calendar of Closed Rolls; 18 Edward 1, and Patent Roll, Edward 1, Memo 21, dated 2lst. June 1290).
England resisted the return of the Jews for approximately 350 years - into the start of the reign of Charles 1st (1625). From a letter dated 16th June 1647, written by Oliver Cromwell, we learn that "In return for financial support, will advocate readmission of Jews into England. This, however, is impossible while Charles 1st is living."
After much corruption in the House of Commons, a communist-type remnant of 50 members known as 'the Rump' invested themselves with the 'Supreme Authority of England'.
The Jewish Encyclopaedia confirms that Cromwell was in contact with powerful Jewish financiers in Holland and was paid large sums of money by Menasseh Ben Israel, while another Jew named Fernandez Carvajal was the chief contractor for supplying arms and equipment for Cromwell's New Model Army.
After destroying many of England's fine buildings and executing Charles 1st in 1649, following a mock trial, Cromwell took charge of England as Lord Protector (1653-1658). He was succeeded by his son Richard (1658-59). During the Cromwells' reign, the Jews returned to England, without official permission.
Scotland still had a King Charles II, and on Richard Cromwell's death he was made King of both England and Scotland in 1660. Charles II had no qualms about the Jewish problem and ignored the experience and wisdom of Charles 1st.
Charles II was followed by James II, and during the latter's reign there was much propaganda spread throughout England against him. Most of it came from Holland and this was followed by William (of Orange) landing in England and James II escaping to France (1688). Among those who deserted James II was John Churchill (who became 1st Duke of Marlborough), whom, it is stated in the Jewish Encyclopaedia, received £6,000 per annum for many years from the Dutch Jew Solomon Medina.
The real objective of the invading financiers was achieved a few years later in 1694, and was known as the 'Glorious Revolution'. This was a disaster for our nation and occurred when the Royal Consent was given by the Dutch King William III of Orange for the setting up of the Bank of 'England' and the institution of the National Debt. This Royal Charter handed over to an anonymous committee the Royal Prerogative of minting money, converting the basis of wealth to gold, and it enabled international moneylenders to secure their loans on the taxes of our nation.
From that moment, the economic machinery was set in motion whereby all wealth was ultimately reduced to the fictitious terms of gold, which the alien Jews controlled. This drained away the life blood of our land and real wealth which was the birthright of the British People.
The political and economic Union of England and Scotland was soon forced on Scotland - for the purpose of suppressing the independent Royal Mint of Scotland and dragging it into the National Debt trap via the Bank of 'England'.
With the whole of Britain now in the grip of the Jewish moneylenders and their hangers-on, there was a danger that, sooner or later, the members of the new joint Parliament, formed in the spirit of their ancestors, might challenge this sordid state of affairs. To provide against this, the party political system was devised, which frustrated national resistance and enabled the wire-pullers to divide and rule - using their newly established financial monopoly power to ensure that their own lackeys - and policies - would secure the limelight and, with enough support from newspapers, pamphlets and banking accounts, carry the day.
Gold continued to be the basis of loans until after World War I. Loans were permitted up to ten times the amounts deposited, and this was known as the 10 per cent Fractional Reserve. In other words, £100 in gold held by a bank enabled it to make up to £l,000 in interest-bearing loans out of 'thin air' to customers with adequate security (collateral).
At 5 per cent interest, the £100 gold deposit would earn £50 interest annually, while the entire £l,000 in loans would be returned to the bank, together with £50 interest as a bank asset - all with just a little ledger work!
Although gold is not now used for coinage, it still plays a mysterious part in finance. On every working day at 11 a.m., a Mr. Rothschild in London, after telephoning around the world for a few minutes to his friends, personally fixes the price of gold for 24 hours. Also our various banknotes all have printed on them below Bank of England: "I promise to pay the bearer on demand the sum of five [or whatever value] pounds."
Modern banking is basically similar to the system which operated at the end of the 17th century but some 97 per cent of transactions today are numbers and codes tapped or electronically entered into computers. Today only about 3 per cent of transactions are done with paper bank notes and metal coins, which have to be bought by banks from the Bank of 'England'.
Banks and building societies are now creating monies for interest-bearing loans out of nothing, without even Fractional Reserve restriction, provided adequate collateral is provided by the borrower. When the loan money is paid back to the bank, together with the interest charge, all is treated as a bank asset, although the bank started with nothing and took no risks, as the transaction was protected with the customer's collateral!
How the system works
A thriving engineering company wishes to expand into an enlarged building and requires £500,000 for the project. It cannot do this out of earnings in the time required, due to heavy taxation on profits, and therefore seeks a loan from the bank.
The bank manager examines the engineering company's balance sheet to satisfy himself that the business is creditworthy. If satisfied, he then asks the company for, say, £600,000 worth of collateral in the form of company shares, property deeds, insurance policies, and so on - all to be lodged in the bank's safe, against the proposed loan.
With loan granted, the bank manager now holds security of £600,000 against a loan of £500,000, and the engineering company secretary walks out of the bank with just a cheque book and the bank manager's permission to write out cheques to pay for the new building.
The bank manager has not loaned the £500,000 from his other customers' deposit accounts, nor has he taken it from his own bank safe. Nothing has changed except for a book entry logging all engineering company collateral items and their values now in the bank safe and an interest-bearing account showing the company owing £500,000 to the bank. The £500,000 facility has been created, not from the bank, which only provided the cheque book, made ledger entries and stored the collateral agreement.
The real value
The real value in terms of goods and services comes from the community. The goods required to build the factory extension are taken from the people, and there is almost £500,000 more money in circulation with interest being paid on it.
The engineering company increases its production with the enlarged factory and pays off the loan debt. The collateral documents are returned from the bank to the engineering company and the £500,000 loan amount plus the agreed interest is entered as an asset of the bank and the interest recognised as income for the bank.
The bank risks little or nothing and ends up with scandalously high profits by a simple method of book-keeping. This is legal counterfeiting in a disgraceful form - it is usury.
There is a perpetual shortage of money in the national economy, and this can only be rectified under the present system with fresh loans at interest - created out of nothing by private banks. This must be stopped, and the accountable government must issue our currency for all transactions without interest in sufficient quantity to match the nation's Gross National Product.
The portion of Britain's National Debt accumulated by usury should be cancelled.
All banks and building societies are controlled in Britain by the Bank of 'England', with half of its directors nominated by the government of the day but with voting power. The other half are secretly appointed and could even be non-British, though having full voting power!
MPs are not allowed to table questions in Parliament about the Bank of
Grip of Death by Michael Rowbotham. ISBN 1 897766 40 8.
'The Truth-Seeker' Internet site. Lists much material on the money
The Eleventh Hour by John Tyndall.
Walter Carr was formerly organiser of the Hereford & Worcester
branch of the British National Party and membership secretary for the
party's West Midlands region.
Grip of Death by Michael Rowbotham. ISBN 1 897766 40 8.
'The Truth-Seeker' Internet site. Lists much material on the money system.
The Eleventh Hour by John Tyndall.
Walter Carr was formerly organiser of the Hereford & Worcester branch of the British National Party and membership secretary for the party's West Midlands region.