I have written a book (MILK-The Deadly
Poison) and founded the Dairy Education Board because of
a secret I learned in 1994. That secret: Laboratory
animals got cancer from a new additive that is now in
our milk, cheese and ice cream. FDA knew the truth but
they hid it. MONSANTO knew the truth but they also did
everything in their power to pull a veil over FDA's
regulatory review process for POSILAC, the trade name
for the genetically engineered version of a cow's
natural growth hormone. That genetically engineered
hormone is commonly referred to as either BST or BGH
(bovine somatotropin or bovine growth hormone).
The study in question was performed in 1989 by
three scientists, Richard, Odaglia and Deslex. I
obtained portions of that study and learned that FDA
never reviewed it, despite the fact that it was the KEY
to the entire controversy.
On August 24, 1990,
FDA published a review of the BST research. That study
was authored by Judy Jeskevich and Greg Guyer and
published in SCIENCE magazine.
I have written
about that study and Chapter Three of my book includes
the complete study with my comments. I have decided to
publish that entire CHAPTER 3 on my webpage.
WARNING: IT IS QUITE TECHNICAL... AND
After learning that laboratory
animals got cancer from this hormone, I filed a Freedom
of Information Act (FOIA) request for the raw data. I
wished to review the weights of spleens and kidneys and
ovaries and thirty-one different tissues and organs from
the 360 animals in this study. I lost that request to
have the study released.
I then filed a suit in
Federal Court. During my suit, our government passed a
law which would have had me imprisoned had I released
Today's column lists 12
"coincidences" that others might call conspiracy. I
leave you first with a timeline of my suit to release
the animal data.
Please keep in mind that the
Canadian government has also been reviewing this study
because MONSANTO seeks approval for their drug in
Canada. A few weeks ago Canadian scientists announced
what our government has been denying and I have been
saying for four years:
caused cancer in laboratory animals.
OCTOBER 3, 1994 Cohen files a FOIA request for
the rat study data
DECEMBER 24, 1994 FOIA request
denied by FDA
DECEMBER 24, 1994 Appeal filed with
Department of Health (HHS)
APRIL 4, 1995 Appeal
DECEMBER 5, 1995 Suit filed in Federal Court
APRIL 12, 1996 MONSANTO joins suit, represented by
KING & SPALDING
JULY 29, 1996 My final brief,
arguing TRADE SECRETS invalid
SEPTEMBER 9, 1996
JUDGE'S decion due
OCTOBER 11, 1996 PUBLIC LAW #
104-294 signed by William Clinton
DECEMBER 6, 1996
JUDGE rules in favor of MONSANTO
Public Law #
104-294 was the ECONOMIC ESPIONAGE act. That law was
delivered in the middle of my trial and sent a clear
message to me. If I revealed a TRADE SECRET I would have
been subject to a $10 million dollar fine and 15 years
incarceration in a federal prison.
denial, the Honorable Judge Wells wrote to me:
"Disclosure of the rat's study raw data would
allow competitors to develop or refine their products...
and would reveal a TRADE SECRET... defendants have
adequately demonstrated the likelihood of competitive
substantial harm if the study is released."
CONSPIRACY? TO BE, OR NOT TO BE?
1) When Monsanto first started doing research on
rbST/rbGH (Posilac), they realized its potential to
change all of the foods in our supermarket. They would
one day control the seeds for all of our fruits and
veggies through genetic engineering and biotechnology.
They needed a friend on the Supreme Court. It was then
that they began to groom their attorney (from the firm
of KING & SPALDING), a young African American with a
Should these issues ever reach the
SUPREME COURT, MONSANTO will have a friend in Clarence
2) Congress passed a law in 1958 called
the Delaney Amendment to the Food and Drug Act which
said that if a food additive caused cancer it was not to
be approved. When MONSANTO realized that their rbST
caused cancer they had their new attorney (from KING
& SPALDING), Michael Taylor, write a paper: "A
Deminimus Interpretation of the Delaney Amendment".
Lawyers usually get published in law review journals.
This paper was published in the Journal of the American
College of Toxicology.
3) Michael Taylor, Esq. left
his high paying job at KING & SPALDING and was hired
by...are you ready for this? The FDA! He became the
second most powerful man at FDA and wrote the food
labeling laws that governed rbST and all genetically
engineered products to come.
4) At the same time that
Taylor left Monsanto for FDA the scientists left
MONSANTO too. MONSANTO's top dairy scientist, Margaret
Miller, left the pharmaceutical giant and went to work
for...are you ready for this? FDA! Her job was to review
her own research. I filed a Freedom of Information Act
request for her actual job application and found out
that she developed a test for detecting rbST, even
though FDA later relieved MONSANTO of that
5) Congress had a committee that
studied the labeling issues. There were four members of
the DAIRY, LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY Committee. These men
had a bill that would have required that dairy products
containing rbST be labeled as such. These 12 men stalled
the bill for six months and NEVER voted upon it. The
bill did not make it to the floor of Congress for a
vote. When the 1994 session of Congress expired, the
bill DIED. I investigated these men and learned that
they accepted donations (PAC $$$) from companies with
agriculture interests totalling $711,000. Four of the
Congressmen accepted money directly from Monsanto while
they stalled that bill. They included Volkmer ($2,000),
Dooley ($1,000), Gunderson ($1,000) and Pombo
6) Somebody had to have gotten Monsanto's
scientist and attorney hired by FDA. I interviewed
ex-FDA commissioners and ex-bosses of these employees
and all deny doing the actual hiring. I can only imagine
a phone call, calling in a favor here and there. I have
no proof who did the hiring, only proof that the DECK
was stacked in the review process. I include enormous
documentation in my book which would take me a week of
EMAILS to document. I will not do that on EMAIL but my
book is available, for those so interested.
MONSANTO hired the very respected C. EVERETT KOOP to
attack critics of rbST. KOOP said the BST-treated milk
was indistinguishable from wholesome untreated milk.
This was not true. LEVELS OF IGF-I ALWAYS INCREASE IN
8) MONSANTO hired the outgoing FDA
Commissioner, Arthur Hull Hayes. He went to work for
their public relations firm. There was a revolving door
policy at FDA. In addition, Michael Taylor left FDA and
became an UNDERSECRETARY at UDSA when Espy resigned. He
was there to see that genetic engineering reached its
potential without regulatory interference. He became the
author of the regulations. Taylor is now back at KING
& SPALDING represent his CLIENT.
Miller, MONSANTO'S scientist-turned-FDA regulator, was
aware that cows were getting mastitis in clinical
trials. She ARBITRARILY changed the antibiotic protocol
and increased the amounts of permissible antibiotic
residues in milk. Before she got to FDA, the standard
allowed one part per hundred million. After Miller's
change, it was increased by 100 times to one part per
million. CONSUMERS UNION tested milk in the New York
area and found the presence of 52 different antibiotics
in milk sample. The Wall Street Journal did their own
tests and confirmed CONSUMERS results.
10) When Bob
Dole ran for president his Chief of Staff was Donald
Rumsfeld, ex-president of SEARLE, a company acquired by
MONSANTO. To place things in perspective...the 1989
smoking gun study was performed by SEARLE scientists for
MONSANTO. For all practical purposes, those firms were
and are one and the same.
11) When Clinton praised
MONSANTO in his State-of-the-Union address two years ago
how many people noticed? I sure did. Michale Taylor, the
MONSANTO attorney turned FDA and USDA employee is a
first cousin to Al Gore's wife, Tipper. Look for
President Gore's cabinet to include Mr. Taylor...just a
prediction on my part.
12) I have saved the best for
last. My favorite. In order to prove rbST safe MONSANTO
did a study in Guelph, Canada that led to approval. FDA
cited the study in their SCIENCE paper but incorrectly
cited the reference. They gave credit to Jerome Moore.
When I pulled Moore's paper there was no mention of this
reference. I pulled dozens of other papers and found the
SMOKING GUN. Had I written a paper like this for high
school biology I would have failed. Here was a paper in
the most important journal in the world on the most
controversial study in FDA history and they made this
mistake (and many other errors documented in Chapter 3
of my book).
HERE IS WHAT HAPPENED:
Canadian scientist (still an undergrad working with
three MONSANTO scientists) pasteruized milk at the
normal temperature and time to prove that it destroyed
the BST. It did not. He then pasteurized milk for thirty
minutes at 72 degrees Celsius (162 degrees Fahrenheit),
a temp. reserved for 15 seconds. That only destroyed
nineteen percent of the BST. WHEN THAT DID NOT WORK, he
sprinkled powdered BST into the milk and pasteruized
that. This time the EXPERIMENT worked. They destroyed 90
percent of the "SPIKED MILK." That was THEIR word,
SPIKED! Read the study and you will be astounded.
FDA concluded that milk was safe to drink
because pasteurization destroyed the BST. When FDA wrote
the SCIENCE paper they included 75 references. Number 75
was Suzanne Sechen, another Monsanto scientist who was
hired by FDA to review her own research. Number one
reference is usually reserved as an honorary place for a
key scientist. Reference number one was given to DALE
BAUMAN who is a Cornell researcher and professor. Dale
Bauman's papers continue to repeat the MYTH that
pasteurization destroyed the BST. Bauman refuses to
debate me but he continues to teach this MYTH to his
As a result of the MYTH FDA did three
I. MONSANTO was relieved of doing any
further toxicology studies
II. MONSANTO was relieved
of the responsibility of developing a TEST to detect the
presence of BST in milk.
III. A "ZERO DAY WITHDRAWAL"
was determined which was an FDA designation meaning that
a substance was perfectly safe for human consumption.
Lots of coincidences, huh? I call
this a conspiracy of ignorance. Put all of these things
together and, at the very least, it calls for a review
of the RICHARD, ODAGLIA and DESLEX paper, don't you
think? If Cohen is WRONG... then there is no big deal.
If Cohen is right... we've got a problem,
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Written by Robert Cohen
Executive Director, Dairy Education Board--Posted
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