Long, but a 'must-read' for parents of young children....

"Henrietta Lacks was a young black woman from Baltimore
who died from a highly malignant cervical cancer in 1951.
Small pieces of her tumour were donated to a laboratory
specialising in tissue cell culture."

Are Vaccines Causing More
Disease Than They are Curing?


By Alan Cantwell Jr., M.D.

Vaccines help keep us safe from infectious diseases. Smallpox and polio
epidemics have been wiped out by mass vaccine programs. People rush to
get flu shots every autumn, and kids are bombarded with a barrage of 22
required vaccinations before the age of six. Even pets need their shots.
The manufacture of vaccines is a giant industry and what you pay for -
inoculations and doctor visits - is big business for pediatricians,
family practitioners and veterinarians. So why are more and more people
worried about vaccines, especially the ones for kids?

Vaccine-induced Illness

Barbara Loe Fisher, president of the National Vaccine Information
Centre, a consumer's group based in Virginia, USA, claims vaccines are
responsible for the increasing numbers of children and adults who suffer
from immune system and neurologic disorders, hyperactivity, learning
disabilities, asthma, chronic fatigue syndrome, lupus, rheumatoid
arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and seizure disorders. She calls for
studies to monitor the long-term effects of mass vaccination and Fisher
wants physicians to be absolutely sure these vaccines are safe and not
harming people.

No one can deny the dangers of vaccines. The measles, mumps, rubella
(German measles) and polio vaccines, all contain live but weakened
viruses. Although health officials tell you that polio has been wiped
out in the US since 1979, they often fail to mention that all recorded
cases of polio since that time are actually caused by the polio vaccine.

Vaccine investigator Neil Z. Miller questions whether we still need the
polio vaccine when it causes every new case of polio in the USA. Before
mass vaccinations programs began fifty years ago, Miller insists we
didn't have cancer in epidemic numbers, that autoimmune ailments were
barely known, and childhood autism did not exist.

Vaccine Contamination

There is also the problem of contamination that has always plagued
vaccine makers. During World War II a yellow fever vaccine manufactured
with human blood serum was unknowingly contaminated with hepatitis virus
and given to the military. As a result, more than 50,000 cases of serum
hepatitis broke out among American troops injected with the vaccine.

In the 1960s it was discovered that polio vaccines manufactured in
monkey kidney tissue between 1955 and 1963 were contaminated with a
monkey virus (Simian Virus, number 40). Although this virus causes
cancer in experimental animals, health authorities insist it does not
cause problems in humans. But evidence of SV40 genetic material has been
popping up in human cancers and normal tissue. Researchers are now
connecting SV40-contaminated polio vaccines to an increasing number of
rare cancers of the lung (mesothelioma) and bone marrow (multiple
myeloma). In a 1999 report, SV40 DNA was detected in tissue samples from
four children born after 1982. Three were kidney transplant patients,
and a fourth had a kidney tumour. Could SV40 be passed on from parents
to their children? No one knows for sure.

Covert Vaccine Experiments

Using kids as guinea pigs in potentially harmful vaccine experiments is
every parents' worst nightmare. This actually happened in 1989-1991 when
Kaiser Permanente of Southern California and the US Centres for Disease
Control (CDC) jointly conducted a measles vaccine experiment. Without
proper parental disclosure, the Yugoslavian-made "high titre"
Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine was tested on 1,500 poor, primarily
black and Latino, inner city children in Los Angeles. Highly recommended
by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the high-potency experimental
vaccine was previously injected into infants in Mexico, Haiti, and
Africa. It was discontinued in these countries when it was discovered
that the children were dying in large numbers.

Unbelievably, the measles vaccine caused long-term suppression of the
children's immune system for six months up to three years. As a result,
the immunodepressed children died from other diseases in greater numbers
than children who had never received the vaccine. Tragically, African
girl babies in the experiment were given twice the dose of boys, and
therefore suffered a higher death rate. The WHO pulled the vaccine off
the market in 1992.

Ironically, the E-Z measles vaccine tested by Kaiser on minority babies
was supposed to increase immunity in younger infants. Instead, the
vaccine produced the opposite effect. A Los Angeles Times editorial
(June 20, 1996) assured readers that "none of the 1,500 was injured by
the unlicensed vaccine" and called upon the CDC to ensure that
experiments like the E-Z measles vaccine could never occur again.

One wonders how many secret vaccine experiments are conducted by health
authorities that never come to the attention of the public. During the
two-year measles experiment I was employed by Kaiser and I never knew
anything about it until I read the report in The Times five years later,
in 1996.

In the poor inner cities across the United States the number of asthma
cases is exploding and health officials don't know why. According to the
CDC, 5000 asthma deaths occur annually; and it is estimated that 17.3
million people (4.8 million are children) suffer from the disease, up
from 6.7 million in 1980. Asthma usually begins before age 6, and blacks
are two to three times more likely to die from asthma than whites. In
the Bronx and Harlem sections of New York City, the hospitalisation rate
for asthma is 21 times higher than in the more affluent areas of the

Could the sharp rise in asthma in poor children be connected with
immunosuppression caused by a barrage of vaccines, as well as a lack of
quality medical care and insurance, poor diet, and environmental
factors? The possible connection of immunosuppressive vaccines to
diseases like asthma has never been raised by health officials.

With vaccine experiments frequently performed in Africa and now on black
Americans, no wonder one out of every four African-Americans believes
AIDS was developed as a genocide program by the US government to
exterminate the black population.

But vaccine experiments in the 1990s have not been limited to blacks.
Millions of female Mexicans, Nicaraguans and Filipinos have been duped
into taking tetanus vaccines, some of which contained a female hormone
that could cause miscarriage and sterilisation. In 1995, a Catholic
human rights organisation called Human Life International accused the
WHO of promoting a Canadian-made tetanus vaccine laced with a pregnancy
hormone called human choriogonadotropic hormone (HCG).

Suspicions were aroused when the tetanus vaccine was prescribed in the
unusual dose of five multiple injections over a three month period, and
recommended only to women of reproductive age. When an unusual number of
women experienced vaginal bleeding and miscarriages after the shots, a
hormone additive was uncovered as the cause.

Apparently the WHO has been developing and testing anti-fertility
vaccines for over two decades. Women receiving the laced tetanus shot
not only developed antibodies to tetanus, but they also developed
dangerous antibodies to the pregnancy hormone as well. Without this HCG
hormone the growth of the fetus is impaired. Consequently, the laced
vaccine served as a covert contraceptive device. Commissioned to analyse
the vaccine, the Philippines Medical Association found that 20 percent
of the WHO tetanus vaccines were contaminated with the hormone. Not
surprisingly, the WHO has denied all accusations as "completely false
and without basis," and the major media have never reported on the
controversy. For further details on this issue, consult the Human Life
International website (www.hli.org <http://www.hli.org>).

Newly approved vaccines may also pose serious risks. In October 1999 a
vaccine against "rotavirus" infection (which causes most cases of
childhood diarrhea) was pulled off the market. One year after the
RotaShield vaccine was inoculated into over a million infants, it was
found to increase the risk of bowel obstruction. Almost 100 cases of
bowel obstruction were reported to the government, and twenty infants
developed bowel obstructions within one or two weeks after receiving the

Vaccine Manufacture and Associated Dangers

Although the public has heard about side effects of vaccines, most
people are clueless about the manufacture of vaccines. Few people know
that viruses used in vaccine production need to be grown on animal parts
like monkey kidneys, or in chicken embryos, or in human and fetal "cell
lines." Harvesting viruses in human cell-lines can be perilous because
some human cell lines are derived from cancer cells.

In AIDS & The Doctors of Death I wrote about the development of the
first human "HeLa" cell line - an "immortal" cell line used extensively
in cancer and vaccine research for decades. Henrietta Lacks was a young
black woman from Baltimore who died from a highly malignant cervical
cancer in 1951. Small pieces of her tumour were donated to a laboratory
specialising in tissue cell culture. In those days most attempts to grow
human cells outside the body failed. But for some unknown reason
Henrietta's cancer cells grew vigorously and became known as the first
successful human tissue cell line in history - the now famous HeLa cell
line commemorating the legendary HEnrietta LAcks.

Henrietta's cells were kept alive by feeding them a witches' brew of
beef embryo extract (the ground-up remains of a three-week-old, unborn
cattle embryo); fresh chicken plasma obtained from the blood of a live
chicken heart; and blood from human placentas (the placenta is the sac
that nurtures the developing fetus and contains powerful hormones).

It is now suspected that a sexually-transmitted papilloma virus is the
cause of cervical cancer. And it is anybody's guess how many other
chicken, cattle, and human viruses are incorporated into the HeLa cell
line, but none of this possible viral contamination seems to bother
scientists who have extensively used the cells in cancer research. What
laboratory scientists did eventually discover was that HeLa cells proved
so hardy that they frequently contaminated other tissue cell lines used
in cancer and cancer virus research.

In the late 1960s when widespread HeLa cell contamination problems were
uncovered, scientists were shocked and embarrassed to learn that
millions of dollars worth of published cancer experiments were ruined.
"Liver cells" and "monkey cells" that were used in cancer experiments
turned out to be Henrietta's cancer cells in disguise. Benign cells that
supposedly "spontaneously transformed" into malignant cells were found
to be cells contaminated with cancerous HeLa cells.

The serious problem of HeLa cell contamination in cancer and vaccine
research is revealed in Michael Gold's A Conspiracy of Cells: One
Woman's Immortal Legacy and the Medical Scandal It Caused. Even Jonas
Salk, who developed the legendary Salk polio vaccine, was fooled when
HeLa cells contaminated his animal cell lines. He admitted this years
later in 1978 before a stunned audience of cell biologists and vaccine
makers. In experiments performed in the late 1950s on dying cancer
patients, Salk tried injecting them with a cell line of monkey heart
tissue - the same cell line he used to harvest polio virus for his
famous vaccine. He hoped the monkey cell injections would stimulate the
immune system to fight cancer. However, when abscesses developed at the
site of injections, Salk began to suspect that he might be injecting
HeLa cells rather than monkey cells, and he stopped the experiment.

Mark Nelson-Rees, a HeLa cell expert and one of the 1978 conference
attendees, offered to test Salk's line if it was still available. Salk
graciously agreed and the monkey cells indeed proved to be HeLa cells
which had invaded and taken over the monkey cell line. According to
author Gold, Salk thought there were adequate ways to separate viruses
from the tissue cell lines they were harvested in, so that it really
didn't matter what kind of cells were used. Even if vaccines weren't
filtered, and even if whole cancer cells were injected directly into a
human, Salk believed they would be rejected by the body and cause no
harm. In those days doctors didn't much believe in cancer-causing
viruses. Nowadays, no researcher would dare try injecting cancer cells
into a human being. But in the 1950s Salk had done it accidentally. He
had injected HeLa cells into a few dozen patients and it hadn't bothered
him a bit.

Is There a Vaccine Contamination
Connection to AIDS?

Most people assume vaccines are "sterile" and germ free. But sterilising
a vaccine can destroy the necessary immunising protein that makes it
work. Thus, contaminating viruses or viral "particles" can sometime
survive the vaccine process.

Animal viruses are also contained in fetal calf serum, a blood product
commonly used as a laboratory nutrient to feed various tissue cell
cultures. Vaccine contamination by fetal calf serum and its possible
relationship to HIV was the subject of a letter by J. Grote, published
in the Journal of the Royal (London) Society of Medicine in October
1988. Bovine visna virus (which looks similar to HIV) is a known
contaminant of fetal calf serum used in vaccine production and
virus-like particles have been detected in vaccines certified for
clinical use. Grote warns that "It seems absolutely vital that all
vaccines are screened for HIV prior to use, and that bovine visna virus
is further investigated as to its relationship to HIV and its possible
role in progression towards AIDS."

Could virus-contaminated vaccines lie at the root of AIDS? A few
researchers, including myself, believe HIV was "introduced" into gays
during the experimental hepatitis B vaccine trials when thousands of
homosexuals were injected in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and New York,
during the years 1978-1981.

The AIDS epidemic first erupted in gays living in those cities in 1981.
In 1980, one year before, already 20% of the gays inoculated in
Manhattan with the experimental vaccine were already HIV-positive. This
was several years before definite AIDS cases were diagnosed in Africa.
In the early 1970s the hepatitis B vaccine was developed in chimpanzees,
now wildly accepted as the animal from which HIV supposedly evolved.

Hepatitis B vaccine was developed to protect people from the sexual
spread of the hepatitis B virus. Now the government recommends that all
newborn babies be given the vaccine [this is also the case in
Australia]. Such recommendations do not make sense to many parents. And
people are still fearful of the hepatitis B vaccine because of its
original connection to gay men and AIDS. The original experimental
vaccine was made from the pooled blood serum of hepatitis-infected
homosexuals and, as mentioned, serum-based vaccines cannot be

Another theory of AIDS is that HIV originated from polio vaccines
contaminated with chimp and monkey viruses, and administered to Africans
in the late 1950s. In The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and
AIDS, published in 1999, Edward Hooper details how polio vaccine was
made using monkey (and possibly chimp) kidneys and how the ancestor
virus of HIV could have jumped species (via the vaccine) to produce the
outbreak of AIDS in Africa. Hooper's well-researched book greatly
expands the polio vaccine theory of AIDS first reported by Tom Curtis in
Rolling Stone magazine in 1992, and The River is a must-read for anyone
interested in the possible man-made origin of AIDS.

Other researchers think it more likely that the various WHO-sponsored
vaccine programs (particularly the smallpox program) in Africa in the
1970s are responsible for unleashing AIDS in Africa in the 1980s.
Hooper, who has worked as a United Nations official, has discounted the
research pointing to AIDS as a man-made disease, as proposed by Dr.
Leonard Horowitz in Emerging Viruses, and in my two books AIDS & The
Doctors of Death: An Inquiry into the Origin of the AIDS Epidemic and
Queer Blood: The Secret AIDS Genocide Plot.

Horowitz and I both suspect contaminated smallpox vaccines as the source
of HIV in Africa. Certainly the smallpox (vaccinia-cowpox) virus is an
excellent virus to use for the genetic engineering of new, multipurpose
vaccines. By splicing into the DNA genes of the vaccinia virus,
scientists can add on parts of disease-producing viruses like influenza,
hepatitis, and other viruses. The safety of this technique has not been
fully evaluated, prompting one vaccine maker at a Vaccinia Virus
Workshop in 1984 to ask if this could lead to another form of AIDS.

Vaccine Connection to Gulf War Illness and Huntsville Mystery Illness

The cause of Gulf War Illness (GWI) is unknown. For years this
debilitating illness (which now affects one-half of the Gulf War vets)
has been ignored by Pentagon officials who claim the disease does not
exist and that vets are simply reacting to stress. GWI is also thought
to be contagious. Vets insist their disease has been passed on to
spouses, other family members, and even pets.

Some people suspect multiple vaccines, particularly the experimental
anthrax vaccine, are implicated in the disease. Currently, soldiers who
refuse to take the mandatory anthrax vaccine are being court-martialled
and dismissed from the service.

Researchers Dr. Garth Nicolson and his wife Nancy have found a tiny
bacterial microbe (a "mycoplasma") in the blood of nearly half the ill
vets with GWI. Amazingly, this infectious agent has a piece of HIV (the
AIDS virus) attached to it. This microbe could never have occurred
naturally. On the contrary, the composition of the microbe suggests a
man-made and genetically-engineered biological warfare agent.

Garth Nicolson's scientific credentials are impeccable. For 16 years he
was a professor of medicine at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson
Cancer Centre in Houston, as well as professor of pathology and
laboratory medicine at the University of Texas Medical School, also in
Houston. Nancy Nicolson, a molecular biophysicist, was on the faculty at
Baylor College of Medicine.

Six months after returning home from the Gulf War, the Nicolson's
daughter contracted GWI. Her mother Nancy had contracted a similar
illness in 1987 when she was working with Mycoplasma incognitus in
infectious disease research. Finally suspecting that this research had
biowarfare implications, Nancy Nicolson became a whistle-blower and
angered officials. As a result, she believes she was deliberately
infected with the mycoplasma. After partial paralysis and a long
illness, she finally regained her health with the antibiotic

The Nicolson's discovery of a similar mycoplasma (but without the
attachment of HIV) in a mysterious illness that erupted in the
Huntsville, Texas area among prison guards and their families has all
the drama of a 'Movie of the Week'. Although the Huntsville disease
broke out in the late 1980s (shortly before the Gulf War), it has many
of the same signs and symptoms of GWI. Many locals are convinced the
sometimes deadly disease originally spread from prisoners incarcerated
in several large prisons around Huntsville.

In experiments conducted during the 1970s and 80s, the prisoners were
inoculated with flu vaccines containing genetically engineered viruses
and mycoplasma. It is suspected that vaccines were being covertly
developed and deployed as biological warfare weapons. Nobel prize winner
James Watson, world famous for his discovery of the molecular structure
of DNA and a leading researcher of the still ongoing Human Genome
Project, was involved in these prison experiments. The guards are
convinced the Huntsville mystery illness is intimately connected to
these experiments, jointly conducted by the Medical School and the
military. Like GWI, health officials deny the disease exists.

The Nicolsons continue to developed antibiotic treatments, which have
helped some vets. But they have paid a heavy price for their
controversial research and unprecedented discoveries. Garth Nicolson was
forced to resign from M.D. Anderson in 1996. His career and reputation
destroyed, the Nicolsons have since moved to California and head The
Institute for Molecular Medicine in Huntington Beach.

Dangerous Animal and Human Cell Lines
in Vaccine Manufacture

In an effort to quell concerns about the safety of vaccines, scientists
are finally taking another look at the "non-infectious" particles of
bird-cancer viruses (avian leukosis virus) in the mumps/measles/rubella
vaccines routinely given to kids. Could this be the reason the US
Federal Drug Administration held a meeting in September, 1999, to
reconsider using human tumour cell lines (like HeLa) rather than monkey
kidneys and chicken embryos which are no longer guaranteed 100% safe?

Writing in Science, Gretchen Vogel admits public trust in vaccines is a
bit shaky. In Wales anti-vaccine parents are holding "measles parties"
to infect their children with the disease rather than vaccinate them.
She cites the danger of using immortal cell lines for live vaccine
production because cancer genes or other hazardous factors might be
transferred to people receiving vaccines. But manufacturers also realise
vaccine critics are becoming more wary of vaccines made in animal and
bird tissue. And vaccine makers want to use immortal cell lines to grow
their viruses because obviously viruses can't grow on their own.

The big question everyone seems to avoid is: Can vaccines cause cancer?
There is certainly evidence connecting contaminated vaccines to AIDS.
And HIV is a cancer-causing virus. Robert Gallo, the co-discoverer of
HIV in 1984, has clearly stated AIDS is an epidemic of cancer.

Animal and avian viruses can contaminate vaccines and have all been
studied as cancer-causing agents. And cancer and vaccine research would
be much more difficult without the use of cell lines, some of which are
derived from cancer.

Vaccines and Public Paranoia

Is the fear of vaccines justified? It is clear that vaccines can be
dangerous. The contamination of vaccines is a reality, and vaccine
experiments can be hazardous to one's health. AIDS, unknown two decades
ago, is now an increasing worldwide epidemic with millions of death
predicted for the next decade. Could vaccines contaminated with
cancer-causing and immunosuppressive viruses unleash new plagues in the
New Millennium? If so, the new plagues may be far worse than the
diseases we eradicated by vaccine programs in the twentieth century.


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16, 1999.

Butel JS, Arrington AS, Wong C, et al.: Molecular evidence of simian
virus 40 infections in children. J Infect Dis 180:884-887, 1999.

Cantwell A: AIDS & the Doctors of Death. Aries Rising Press, Los
Angeles, 1988.

Cantwell A: Queer Blood. Aries Rising Press, Los Angeles, 1993.

Gold M: A Conspiracy of Cells. State University of New York Press,
Albany, 1986.

Hooper E: The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and AIDS. Little,
Brown and Company, Boston, 1999.

Horowitz L: Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola. Tetrahedron, Inc, Rockport,
MA, 1996.

Jaroff Leon: "Vaccine Jitters," TIME, September 13, 1999.

Likoudis P: "Gulf war illness probe to advance with new study," The
Wanderer, January 21, 1999.

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20, 1996.

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Fe, 1996.

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Stolberg SG: "Poor fight baffling surge in asthma," New York Times,
October 18, 1999.

Alan Cantwell is a physician and AIDS researcher. His book on the
man-made epidemic of AIDS entitled AIDS & The Doctors of Death: An
Inquiry into the Origin of the AIDS Epidemic, is available on the
Internet through Amazon.com or Barnes and Noble, in Australia through
Infinity Bookshop in Sydney, Tel: (02) 92122225. Comprehensive
information on the dangers of vaccines available at <>

The above article appeared in
New Dawn No. 63 (November-December 2000)