----- Original Message -----
From: BryanD
To: 1Starfly
Sent: Friday, April 21, 2006 10:00 AM
Subject: The Largest Biological Experiment Ever

"The Largest Biological Experiment Ever"
by Arthur Firstenberg, January 2006, The Eldorado Sun

n 2002, Gro Harlem Brundtland, then head of the World Health
Organization, told a Norwegian journalist that cell phones were
banned from her office in Geneva because she personally becomes
ill if a cell phone is brought within about four meters (13
feet) of her. Mrs. Brundtland is a medical doctor and former
Prime Minister of Norway. This sensational news, published March
9, 2002 in Dagbladet, was ignored by every other newspaper in
the world. The following week Michael Repacholi, her subordinate
in charge of the International EMF (electromagnetic field)
Project, responded with a public statement belittling his boss's
concerns. Five months later, for reasons that many suspect were
related to these circumstances, Mrs. Brundtland announced she
would step down from her leadership post at the WHO after just
one term.

Nothing could better illustrate our collective schizophrenia
when it comes to thinking about electromagnetic radiation. We
respond to those who are worried about its dangers  hence the
International EMF Project  but we ignore and marginalize those,
like Mrs. Brundtland, who have already succumbed to its effects.

As a consultant on the health effects of wireless technology, I
receive calls that can be broadly divided into two main groups:
those from people who are merely worried, whom I will call A,
and those from people who are already sick, whom I will call B.
I sometimes wish I could arrange a large conference call and
have the two groups talk to each other  there needs to be more

understanding so that we are all trying to solve the same
problems. Caller A, worried, commonly asks what kind of shield
to buy for his cell phone or what kind of headset to wear with
it. Sometimes he wants to know what is a safe distance to live
from a cell tower. Caller B, sick, wants to know what kind of
shielding to put on her house, what kind of medical treatment to
get, or, increasingly often, what part of the country she could
move to to escape the radiation to save her life.

The following is designed as a sort of a primer: first, to help
everybody get more or less on the same page, and second, to
clear up some of the confusions so that we can make rational
decisions toward a healthier world.


The most basic fact about cell phones and cell towers is that
they emit microwave radiation; so do Wi-Fi (wireless Internet)
antennas, wireless computers, cordless (portable) phones and
their base units, and all other wireless devices. If it's a
communication device and it's not attached to the wall by a
wire, it's emitting radiation. Most Wi-Fi systems and some
cordless phones operate at the exact same frequency as a
microwave oven, while other devices use a different frequency.
Wi-Fi is always on and always radiating. The base units of most
cordless phones are always radiating, even when no one is using
the phone. A cell phone that is on but not in use is also
radiating. And, needless to say, cell towers are always

Why is this a problem, you might ask? Scientists usually divide
the electromagnetic spectrum into "ionizing" and "non-
ionizing." Ionizing radiation, which includes x-rays and atomic
radiation, causes cancer. Non-ionizing radiation, which includes
microwave radiation, is supposed to be safe. This distinction
always reminded me of the propaganda in George Orwell's Animal
Farm: "Four legs good, two legs bad." "Non-ionizing good,
ionizing bad" is as little to be trusted.

An astronomer once quipped that if Neil Armstrong had taken a
cell phone to the Moon in 1969, it would have appeared to be the
third most powerful source of microwave radiation in the
universe, next only to the Sun and the Milky Way. He was right.
Life evolved with negligible levels of microwave radiation. An
increasing number of scientists speculate that our own cells, in
fact, use the microwave spectrum to communicate with one
another, like children whispering in the dark, and that cell
phones, like jackhammers, interfere with their signaling. In any
case, it is a fact that we are all being bombarded, day in and
day out, whether we use a cell phone or not, by an amount of
microwave radiation that is some ten million times as strong as
the average natural background. And it is also a fact that most
of this radiation is due to technology that has been developed
since the 1970s.

As far as cell phones themselves are concerned, if you put one
up to your head you are damaging your brain in a number of
different ways. First, think of a microwave oven. A cell phone,
like a microwave oven and unlike a hot shower, heats you from
the inside out, not from the outside in. And there are no
sensory nerve endings in the brain to warn you of a rise in
temperature because we did not evolve with microwave radiation,
and this never happens in nature. Worse, the structure of the
head and brain is so complex and non-uniform that "hot spots"
are produced, where heating can be tens or hundreds of times
what it is nearby. Hot spots can occur both close to the surface
of the skull and deep within the brain, and also on a molecular

Cell phones are regulated by the Federal Communications
Commission, and you can find, in the packaging of most new
phones, a number called the Specific Absorption Rate, or SAR,
which is supposed to indicate the rate at which energy is
absorbed by the brain from that particular model. One problem,
however, is the arbitrary assumption, upon which the FCC's
regulations are based, that the brain can safely dissipate added
heat at a rate of up to 1 degree C per hour. Compounding this is
the scandalous procedure used to demonstrate compliance with
these limits and give each cell phone its SAR rating. The
standard way to measure SAR is on a "phantom" consisting,
incredibly, of a homogenous fluid encased in Plexiglas in the
shape of a head. Presto, no hot spots! But in reality, people
who use cell phones for hours per day are chronically heating
places in their brain. The FCC's safety standard, by the way,
was developed by electrical engineers, not doctors.

The Blood-Brain Barrier

The second effect that I want to focus on, which has been proven
in the laboratory, should by itself have been enough to shut
down this industry and should be enough to scare away anyone
from ever using a cell phone again. I call it the "smoking gun"
of cell phone experiments. Like most biological effects of
microwave radiation, this has nothing to do with heating.

The brain is protected by tight junctions between adjacent cells
of capillary walls, the so-called blood-brain barrier, which,
like a border patrol, lets nutrients pass through from the blood
to the brain, but keeps toxic substances out. Since 1988,
researchers in the laboratory of a Swedish neurosurgeon, Leif
Salford, have been running variations on this simple experiment:
they expose young laboratory rats to either a cell phone or
other source of microwave radiation, and later they sacrifice
the animals and look for albumin in their brain tissue. Albumin
is a protein that is a normal component of blood but that does
not normally cross the blood-brain barrier. The presence of
albumin in brain tissue is always a sign that blood vessels have
been damaged and that the brain has lost some of its protection.

Here is what these researchers have found, consistently for 18
years: Microwave radiation, at doses equal to a cell phone's
emissions, causes albumin to be found in brain tissue. A one-
time exposure to an ordinary cell phone for just two minutes
causes albumin to leak into the brain. In one set of
experiments, reducing the exposure level by a factor of 1,000
actually increased the damage to the blood-brain barrier,
showing that this is not a dose-response effect and that
reducing the power will not make wireless technology safer. And
finally, in research published in June 2003, a single two-hour
exposure to a cell phone, just once during its lifetime,
permanently damaged the blood-brain barrier and, on autopsy 50
days later, was found to have damaged or destroyed up to 2
percent of an animal's brain cells, including cells in areas of
the brain concerned with learning, memory and movement.1
Reducing the exposure level by a factor of 10 or 100, thereby
duplicating the effect of wearing a headset, moving a cell phone
further from your body, or standing next to somebody else's
phone, did not appreciably change the results! Even at the
lowest exposure, half the animals had a moderate to high number
of damaged neurons.

The implications for us? Two minutes on a cell phone disrupts
the blood-brain barrier, two hours on a cell phone causes
permanent brain damage, and secondhand radiation may be almost
as bad. The blood-brain barrier is the same in a rat and a human

These results caused enough of a commotion in Europe that in
November 2003 a conference was held, sponsored by the European
Union, titled "The Blood-Brain Barrier  Can It Be Influenced by
RF [radio frequency]-Field Interactions?" as if to reassure the
public: "See, we are doing something about this." But,
predictably, nothing was done about it, as nothing has been done
about it for 30 years.

America's Allan Frey, during the 1970s, was the first of many to
demonstrate that low-level microwave radiation damages the
blood-brain barrier.2 Similar mechanisms protect the eye (the
blood-vitreous barrier) and the fetus (the placental barrier),
and the work of Frey and others indicates that microwave
radiation damages those barriers also.3 The implication: No
pregnant woman should ever be using a cell phone.

Dr. Salford is quite outspoken about his work. He has called the
use of handheld cell phones "the largest human biological
experiment ever." And he has publicly warned that a whole
generation of cell-phone-using teenagers may suffer from mental
deficits or Alzheimer's disease by the time they reach middle

Radio-Wave Sickness

Unfortunately, cell phone users are not the only ones being
injured, nor should we be worried only about the brain. The
following brief summary is distilled from a vast scientific
literature on the effects of radio waves (a larger spectrum
which includes microwaves), together with the experiences of
scientists and doctors all over the world with whom I am in

Organs that have been shown to be especially susceptible to
radio waves include the lungs, nervous system, heart, eyes,
testes and thyroid gland. Diseases that have increased
remarkably in the last couple of decades, and that there is good
reason to connect with the massive increase in radiation in our
environment, include asthma, sleep disorders, anxiety disorders,
attention deficit disorder, autism, multiple sclerosis, ALS,
Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue
syndrome, cataracts, hypothyroidism, diabetes, malignant
melanoma, testicular cancer, and heart attacks and strokes in
young people. Radiation from microwave towers has also been
associated with forest die-off, reproductive failure and
population decline in many species of birds, and ill health and
birth deformities in farm animals. The literature showing
biological effects of microwave radiation is truly enormous,
running to tens of thousands of documents, and I am amazed that
industry spokespersons are getting away with saying that
wireless technology has been proved safe or  just as ridiculous
 that there is no evidence of harm.

I have omitted one disease from the above list: the illness that
Caller B has, and that I have. A short history is in order here.
In the 1950s and 1960s workers who built, tested and repaired
radar equipment came down with this disease in large numbers. So
did operators of industrial microwave heaters and sealers. The
Soviets named it, appropriately, radio wave sickness, and
studied it extensively. In the West its existence was denied
totally, but workers came down with it anyway. Witness
congressional hearings held in 1981, chaired by then
Representative Al Gore, on the health effects of radio-frequency
heaters and sealers, another episode in "See, we are doing
something about this," while nothing is done.

Today, with the mass proliferation of radio towers and personal
transmitters, the disease has spread like a plague into the
general population. Estimates of its prevalence range up to one-
third of the population, but it is rarely recognized for what it
is until it has so disabled a person that he or she can no
longer participate in society. You may recognize some of its
common symptoms: insomnia, dizziness, nausea, headaches,
fatigue, memory loss, inability to concentrate, depression,
chest discomfort, ringing in the ears. Patients may also develop
medical problems such as chronic respiratory infections, heart
arrhythmias, sudden fluctuations in blood pressure, uncontrolled
blood sugar, dehydration, and even seizures and internal

What makes this disease so difficult to accept, and even more
difficult to cope with, is that no treatment is likely to
succeed unless one can also avoid exposure to its cause  and
its cause is now everywhere. A 1998 survey by the California
Department of Health Services indicated that at that time
120,000 Californians  and by implication 1 million Americans 
were unable to work due to electromagnetic pollution.4 The ranks
of these so-called electrically sensitive are swelling in almost
every country in the world, marginalized, stigmatized and
ignored. With the level of radiation everywhere today, they
almost never recover and sometimes take their own lives.

"They are acting as a warning for all of us," says Dr. Olle
Johansson of people with this illness. "It could be a major
mistake to subject the entire world's population to whole-body
irradiation, 24 hours a day." A neuroscientist at the famous
Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Dr. Johansson heads a
research team that is documenting a significant and permanent
worsening of the public health that began precisely when the
second-generation, 1800 MHz cell phones were introduced into
Sweden in late l997.5,6 After a decade-long decline, the number
of Swedish workers on sick leave began to rise in late 1997 and
more than doubled during the next five years. During the same
period of time, sales of antidepressant drugs also doubled. The
number of traffic accidents, after declining for years, began to
climb again in 1997. The number of deaths from Alzheimer's
disease, after declining for several years, rose sharply in 1999
and had nearly doubled by 2001. This two-year delay is
understandable when one considers that Alzheimer's disease
requires some time to develop.

Uncontrolled Proliferation

If cell phones and cell towers are really deadly, have the radio
and TV towers that we have been living with for a century been
safe? In 2002 ?rjan Hallberg and Olle Johansson coauthored a
paper titled "Cancer Trends During the 20th Century," which
examined one aspect of that question.7 They found, in the United
States, Sweden and dozens of other countries, that mortality
rates for skin melanoma and for bladder, prostate, colon, breast
and lung cancers closely paralleled the degree of public
exposure to radio waves during the past hundred years. When
radio broadcasting increased in a given location, so did those
forms of cancer; when it decreased, so did those forms of
cancer. And, a sensational finding: country by country  and
county by county in Sweden  they found, statistically, that
exposure to radio waves appears to be as big a factor in causing
lung cancer as cigarette smoking!

Which brings me to address a widespread misconception. The
biggest difference between the cell towers of today and the
radio towers of the past is not their safety, but their numbers.
The number of ordinary radio stations in the United States today
is still less than 14,000. But cell towers and Wi-Fi towers
number in the hundreds of thousands, and cell phones, wireless
computers, cordless telephones and two-way radios number in the
hundreds of millions. Radar facilities and emergency
communication networks are also proliferating out of control.
Since 1978, when the Environmental Protection Agency last
surveyed the radio frequency environment in the United States,
the average urban dweller's exposure to radio waves has
increased 1,000-fold, most of this increase occurring in just
the last nine years.8 In the same period of time, radio
pollution has spread from the cities to rest like a ubiquitous
fog over the entire planet.

The vast human consequences of all this are being ignored. Since
the late 1990s a whole new class of environmental refugees has
been created right here in the United States. We have more and
more people, sick, dying, seeking relief from our suffering,
leaving our homes and our livelihoods, living in cars, trailers
and tents in remote places. Unlike victims of hurricanes and
earthquakes, we are not the subject of any relief efforts. No
one is donating money to help us, to buy us a protected refuge;
no one is volunteering to forego their cell phones, their
wireless computers and their cordless phones so that we can once
more be their neighbors and live among them.

The worried and the sick have not yet opened their hearts to
each other, but they are asking questions. To answer caller A:
No shield or headset will protect you from your cell or portable
phone. There is no safe distance from a cell tower. If your cell
phone or your wireless computer works where you live, you are
being irradiated 24 hours a day.

To caller B: To effectively shield a house is difficult and
rarely successful. There are only a few doctors in the United
States attempting to treat radio wave sickness, and their
success rate is poor  because there are few places left on
Earth where one can go to escape this radiation and recover.

Yes, radiation comes down from satellites, too; they are part of
the problem, not the solution. There is simply no way to make
wireless technology safe.

Our society has become both socially and economically dependent,
in just one short decade, upon a technology that is doing
tremendous damage to the fabric of our world. The more
entrenched we let ourselves become in it, the more difficult it
will become to change our course. The time to extricate
ourselves, both individually and collectively  difficult though
it is already is  is now.


1. Leif G. Salford et al., "Nerve Cell Damage in Mammalian Brain
After Exposure to Microwaves from GSM Mobile Phones,"
Environmental Health Perspectives 111, no. 7 (2003): 881?883.

2. Allan H. Frey, Sondra R. Feld and Barbara Frey, "Neural
Function and Behavior," Annals of the New York Academy of
Sciences 247 (1975): 433?439.

3. Allan H. Frey, "Evolution and Results of Biological Research
with Low-Intensity Nonionizing Radiation," in Modern
Bioelectricity, ed. Andrew A. Marino (New York: Dekker, 1988),
785?837, at 809?810.

4. California EMF Program, The Risk Evaluation: An Evaluation of
the Possible Risks From Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMFs) From
Power Lines, Internal Wiring, Electrical Occupations and
Appliances (2002), app. 3.

5. ?rjan Hallberg and Olle Johansson, "1997  A Curious Year in
Sweden," European Journal of Cancer Prevention 13, no. 6 (2004):

6. ?rjan Hallberg and Olle Johansson, "Does GSM 1800 MHz Affect
the Public Health in Sweden?" in Proceedings of the 3rd
International Workshop "Biological Effects of EMFs," Kos,
Greece, October 4-8, 2004, 361?364.

7. ?rjan Hallberg and Olle Johansson, "Cancer Trends During the
20th Century," Journal of Australian College of Nutritional and
Environmental Medicine 21, no. 1 (2002): 3?8.

8. David E. Janes Jr., "Radiofrequency Environments in the
United States," in 15th IEEE Conference on Communication,
Boston, MA, June 10?14, 1979, vol. 2, 31.4.1?31.4.5.