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Special Investigation
Organophosphates


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DO
NOT USE
SYSTEMIC
ORGANOPHOSPHATE
INSECTICIDES

( OP )

Do NOT treat children
with OP head lice products
they may cause CJD and Alzheimer's

Do NOT treat your pets
with OP anti-flea products

Do NOT treat cattle or animals with OP products
they may cause BSE

Do NOT give manganese
to cattle previously
dosed with a
systemic OP

The relative availability of the metals copper and manganese in your local environment is a major factor in BSE & CJD

"I still shudder each time I visit our local farm stores and see the canisters of systemic OP products
up for sale"





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THE AIDSMYTH



Important
Legal Notice

Weigh the circumstantial
conclusions in this BSE article
against these current legal facts:

Members of United Kingdom regulatory, advisory and research bodies, companies and their directors, civil servants performing their duties, and government ministers exercising their lawful powers, have at all times acted in good faith.

ICI has never attempted to improperly influence any person or body in relation to it's Phosmet insecticide. ICI is a reputable company.

No one should allow this material to influence them detrimentally in their opinion of ICI or any of it's many beneficial products.
Issued by
eionews.com





























 
      ICI's ex-chemical  weapon
      insecticide triggers BSE & CJD


   Cover-up:
   Insecticide causes
   Mad Cows & vCJD

 
                 by Fintan Dunne
                 Research Kathy Mc Mahon
                 29th April 2001


 If Mark Purdey is right we are in big trouble. We are destroying our brains with insecticides.

His groundbreaking research into the cause of BSE in cattle and new variant CJD in humans, has been sidelined by United Kingdom officials. They attribute both diseases to ingestion of prion protien found in contaminated beef. But Purdey has evidence the government's anti-parasite campaigns unleashed a chemical holocaust for cattle -resulting in BSE, and that human CJD is accelerated by the same chemical effects.

Could a chemical be that deadly? For fear of attack by Saddam Hussein, most Israeli hospitals have antidotes to a deadly nerve gas developed by Nazi chemists which contains organophosphate(OP) -the same compound found in the insecticides suspected of driving BSE and CJD. The vast bulk of the cattle found staggering around in British fields with their brains burned out, have been treated for warble-fly with a constituient of nerve gas.

The CJD and BSE symptoms also mirror 'manganese madness', an irreversible fatal neuro-psychiatric degenerative syndrome that plagued manganese miners in the first half of the last century. Could manganese and organophosphate be causing these diseases?

Cambridge scientist David R. Brown is hot on the trail. His recent research has shown that the prion protiens linked to BSE can bond destructively with manganese found in animal feeds or mineral licks. His latest, as yet unpublished work has found a tenfold increase in the metal manganese in brains of CJD victims. [Video]

All this is fully consistent with the Purdey hypothesis. These manganese-tipped prions could be the principal cause of the neurological degeneration seen in BSE. But manganese is only the bullet -organophosphate insecticide is the high-velocity gun. It fires manganese into the brain by depleting copper which the manganese then replaces.  Purdey says the manganese-tipped prions set off lethal chain reactions that neurologically burn through the animal.

  
HOW BSE IS
TRIGGERED BY
OP INSECTICIDE
AND MANGANESE





click image
for larger
view



 Phosmet organophosphate has been used at high doses in British warble fly campaigns. Privately, scientists will confirm that pions in the bovine spine --along which this insecticide is applied-- can be damaged by ICI's Phosmet organophosphate insecticide. But few will state it publicly or publish it as scientific finding. In 1996, former ICI subsidiary Zeneca sold the phosmet patent to a PO Box company in Arizona called Gowan -just one week before the UK government admitted to a link between BSE and nvCJD.




  BONDING THE PRION

  C
ambridge University prion biochemist, David R. Brown is dismissive of the science behind the infectious model of BSE. He terms it "a very limited amount of science by a few assumed- reputable scientists." He insists there is "no evidence an infectious agent is present in either meat or milk."

 "Simple tests on udder walls of cows --which could easily detect an infectious prion-- have not been done, why I don't understand."

 A number of researchers have found that organophosphate(OP) in systemic warble fly insecticide can deform the prion molecule, rendering it ineffective at buffering free radical effects in the body. Worse still, the prion is then partial to bond with manganese and become a 'rogue' prion. A chain reaction whereby rogue prions turn others to rogues also, can explain the bovine spongiform disease mechanism.

 Brown showed how prion protein bonds benignly with copper, but lethally with manganese. Even natural variations in relative environmental availability of manganese versus copper can trigger prion degradation.

 Chickens notoriously excrete most of the supplements fed to them -including manganese. And their manganese-rich excreta have been blended into cattle feed in the UK.





 Scientist and organic farmer, Mark Purdey gave evidence to the UK BSE inquiry, that warble fly insecticide was the cause of the disease. The scientist wheeled out to rubbish Purdy's evidence -Dr. David Ray, later turned out to have been receiving funding from the insecticide manufacturer ICI.

 A lobby group that includes Bayer, Monsanto, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche and Schering-Plough was behind the effort to discredit Purdey. In December 1999, the same Dr. David Ray was appointed to the UK Veterinary Products Committee (VPC) -a government body that licences animal medicines.

Purdey has been consistently denied even exploratory funding to extend his privately supported research. Yet the Purdey chemical poisoning model matches with the epidermiological spread of CJD clusters in humans. It also predicts the incidence of BSE-type diseases in animals. The accepted infectious model fits neither.

 The pharmaceutical industry has key motives to deny the chemical source of BSE and CJD, because a spotlight on chemicals would expose the role the insecticides in Alzheimer's --another neurodegenerative disease. That might lead to claims which would dwarf those from BSE and CJD litigants. In fact, two leading brain researchers into CJD and Alzheimers have died in suspicious circumstances in recent years.

  In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency is already reviewing Phosmet's safety. And the Centers for Disease Control in the US has recently conducted experiments on mice that confirm the organophosphate risk.

 According to Purdey, not only is the EC beef slaughter campaign futile -because BSE disease is mostly non-infectious, but unless the underlying chemical cause is addressed, BSE will simply reappear from chemical causes. A new warble fly campaign is already underway in France using the organophosphate insecticide.

 His greater concern is that some lotions for scabies and head lice are now priming children and adults for CJD and Alzheimers in later life, and that manganese in unleaded petrol may prove as deadly as the lead it replaced.



  SHINING A LIGHT
  ON SPONGIFORM


 Speaking from his rural English Somerset farm -as plans forge ahead for the European cattle cull, Purdey asks:   "Why does CJD degeneration in humans begin in the retina, and why are CJD disease clusters found in high altitude locations?"

 The question is rhetorical, and Purdey has an eye-opening answer. He argues that the prion molecule acts as a shock-adsorber of damaging energy from ultraviolet rays and other oxidizing agents.

 Once this prion defence system is rendered ineffective by organophosphates, these oxidizing effects have an unmediated impact on tissues. Eventually, UV radiation damages the retina and oxidative stress destroys the brain tissues of CJD patients. This theory would expect to find higher CJD incidence in mountain regions -where UV radiation levels are elevated. That prediction holds true.

 A similar but accelerated mechanism could be driving BSE. ICI's Phosmet organophosphate warble fly insecticide -applied on the backs of animals along the spinal column, similarly degrades prions. "Systemic versions of the insecticide are designed to make the entire cow carcass toxic to warble fly," explains Purdey. "Unfortunately it's toxic to prions too -especially those prions located just millimeters from the point of application."

 Since first postulating an environmental -rather than infectious- theory of spongiform diseases, Purdey has built evidence from around the world that explains and predicts the incidence in humans and animals: a cluster of CJD in Slovakia, Eastern Europe -around a manganese plant; Rocky Mountain deer with Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), who were found to be eating pine needles rich in manganese; the futile slaughter of sheep in Cyprus -only for BSE to reemerge within years.

"The reappearance of BSE in Cyprus obviously points to an environmental cause," says Purdey, who is sanguine when reflecting on the condemnation of him by mainstream scientists

 From this research, any prudent person would conclude there is a significant risk attaching to the use of organophosphate in humans. Preparations for head lice and scabies are known to be overused in practice and might be priming users for CJ disease.

Purdey believes his bias for field work is the key to his success. He bemoans the "reductionism" of much lab-centered science. "I have traveled the world to investigate known clusters of spongiform disease -something mainstream researchers don't seem remotely interested in doing."

"I suppose they have mortgages and kids who need to go to university," he muses. "Privately, some were agreeing with me, but then they would denounce me publicly. It was quite strange really."



  THE MONEY TRAIL

  Critical scientists like Purdey are unlikely to prevail. The pharmaceutical industry holds most research purse strings, and would hardly energetically explore an avenue of research that could expose them to litigation for causing BSE. The official theory is lavishly funded, alternative theories rarely, if at all.

There are more explosive implications to his -and other's latest research. Purdey says similar organophosphate-induced protein deformation could also underlie Alzheimer's and related diseases. If that were true, the litigation fallout would destroy some pharmaceutical giants, and a lot of very influential noses would be out of joint.

 Disturbingly, Purdey and other brain researchers seem to have had an undue share of unfortunate accidents. Purdey's house was burned down and his lawyer who was working with him on Mad Cow Disease was driven off the road by another vehicle and subsequently died. The veterinarian on the case also died in a car crash -locally reported as: 'Mystery Vet Death Riddle.'

 Dr. C. Bruton, a CJD specialist --who had just produced a paper on a new strain of CJD-- was killed in a car crash before his work was announced to the public. Purdey speculates that Bruton might have known more than what was revealed in his last scientific paper.

 In 1996, leading Alzheimer's researcher Tsunao Saitoh, 46 and his 13 -year-old daughter were killed in La Jolla, California, in what a Reuters report described as a "very professionally done" shooting.

 What Alzheimer's Disease, Mad Cow Disease, and CJD have in common, is abnormal brain proteins and a putative link to organophosphates. Other neurodegenerative diseases and even Gulf War syndrome among returning veterans has been attributed, in part to the insecticide. But the sidelined scientists' suspicions are still largely ignored.

 In their favour at the moment, is a growing unease on the part of the public. As BSE forges on and Governments panic, Science may be out to lunch on BSE, compromised by bovine spongythinking myopathy.


 Discuss or plan your response
 to this issue............HERE


Mark Purdey funds his own research, testing/ labs/travel to cluster sites. Donations to his research fund will help him carry on his work. Mark Purdey Research Fund, High Barn Farm, Elworthy, Nr Taunton, Somerset TA4 3PX, UK.

Copyright 2000 eIONews.com




VIDEOclips


BBC2 TV "Correspondent'

MAD COWS AND
AN ENGLISHMAN


Intro       click image


The Manganese Factor


Prion scientist latest


All require
56k Realplayer


CONTENTS

Bonding The Prion

Shining a Light
on spongiform


The Money trail

The
Purdey
Hypothesis


Sources & Links



NEWS

World declares
war on deadly chemicals

Delegates from more than 120 countries have signed a treaty declaring war on some of the world's most dangerous organic pollutants

The treaty aims to put an end to the manufacture and use of new industrial POPs chemicals as well as eliminating existing POPs. The "Dirty Dozen" POPs targeted by the treaty (2) include POPs pesticides and PCBs, used as insulation in electrical transformers, as well as unwanted industrial by-products, such as dioxins that can cause cancers in humans
more

'Mad cow' test
may be unreliable
The report said it is usual for all biochemical tests used in medicine or animal welfare to be assessed against hundreds or even thousands of different samples to test how sensitive they are at detecting "true" negatives, and how specific they are at determining "true" positives
more

Alzheimers
and CJD 'similar'
"If we wake up with a series of bans on imports of our meat tomorrow, we will know why," he said. The national director of veterinary services in the department, Gideon Bruckner, told Sapa on Sunday no cases of BSE had ever been found in South Africa
more





REFERENCES
& SOURCES

Prion Study
David Brown, Embojournal,
Spring 2000



Articles
by Mark Purdey

Animal Pharm

Udder Madness

Theories of Mad Cow Disease

Mad Cows and Englishmen

Intrigue, Scientists and Mad Cows

http://www.vaccines.plus.com/madcow-update1.html

The Official
Mad Cow Disease
Home Page
http://mad-cow.org/



OTHER ARTICLES

UK Farmer says
chemicals cause BSE


UK BSE papers
to be published on the Net


Blood donations
to be treated against CJD


Update on animal brain disease from
British dairyman/researcher Mark Purdey


Review of warblecide epidemiology




BSE

BSE Inquiry
Statements of Mark Purdey

23 March 1998
Issued 07/06/1999

Issued 12/01/2000



THE BSE INQUIRY


Introduction


The Organophosphate-BSE Hypothesis and CJD


Important unofficial organophosphate site


"MAD COW" DISEASE IN BRITISH SHEEP?


PROPERTIES OF ORGANOPHOSPHATES.

Premature Sexual Maturation
of Human Children


ProMED Digest






Introduction to
the Purdey hypothesis
on Spongiform Encephalopathy

By Mark Purdey

 The main problem with the meat and bonemeal (Mbm) hypothesis of either MAFF or the Royal Society is the amount of scientific contra evidence that exists to them.

 •Meat and bonemeal fed to experimental animals does not produce SE.

 •Millions of tons of Mbm exported abroad, when mutant prion material was at its highest, did not produce any BSE.

 • Mutant prion has been drastically reduced (to presumably nil) in Mbm over the last 14 years and yet BSE has been starting, with a continued trend upwards, in a number of EU countries ie Ireland, Portugal, Belgium, Brittany, Switzerland.

Any hypothesis that can’t demonstrate Koch’s postulates after 15 years of international multi million pound research should be jettisoned.

The Purdy hypothesis
in summary:

 
 In prion disease there is an error in the manufacture of the prion protein caused by an abnormal configuration and or binding of two key metals Copper (Cu) and Manganese (Mn). Mn substitutes for Cu when the latter is low or fails to bind to the histadine sites of the octapeptide repeat region of the protein.

 This substitution results in eventual conformational change/ protease resistance . In addition the host would be exposed to a free radical trigger that generates excessive oxidative stress and up regulates the prion protein as a defense

 The most important function of the Prion is to resist oxidative stress by acting as a Super Oxide Dismutase
(SOD).


 On conformational change the prion cannot function as a SOD and protect cells, and consequently a pro oxidative status quo is established at a location in the host.

 This pathology spreads through the host during the incubation period, with neurones eventually being destroyed by the build up of toxic by products such as hydrogen peroxide, quinones or peroxynitrite.

 Finally the metal species bound by the prion is more highly oxidised ie Mn 3+ or 4+ and this may explain strain difference and difference in incubation times.

 Environmental factors that affect the levels of metals ,their species and protein ‘sinks’cause the disease.

 Oral infectivity via food products is secondary and we think is rare in vivo.

 The often quoted transmission experiments are not reliable predictors of the situation in life - even oral homogenate studies are unreliable because reactive metals are freed from protein sinks in the process.


 Further reading:

 Mark Purdey Ecosystems supporting TSEs demonstrate excesses of the pro-oxidant Manganese’ Medical Hypotheses (2000) 54 (2)
(Coming on eionews)


 D.R Brown et al
Consequences of Manganese replacement of Copper for prion protein function and proteinase resistance. EMBO journal vol 19 no.6 p 1180 - 1186


Useful background

New Scientist
26 august 2000 article ‘Metal Heads’ by Jonathan Knight

FAQ ;

Organophoshates (OPs) and TSEs:

The OP Phosmet used at 4 times the ecommended max dose on cows in Britain in the 80s to control warble fly is a di thiophosphate systemic OP.

The 2 sulphurs bind to copper forming a mercaptide ring. The Institute of Psychiatry conducted trials adding this OP to living cell cultures at very low dose.

 Off the record we were told that phosmet had created conformational change in prion protein.

 This part of the work was suppressed by SEAC and not published or presented to the BSE inqiry.


 Some OPs contain Mn - Mancozeb, Maneb. Mn is often sprayed on farmland where Mn levels are low. OP residues increased in Mbm in the early 80s.


Our current studies:


Scrapie in Sardinia , TSEs in Calabria , vCJD (Kent, Queniborough, Armthorpe ) - We receive no funding for these.

Past studies:

Rida in Iceland,
CWD in Colorado ,
CJD in Slovakia ,
Scrapie in Somerset/ N.Devon

Urgenttly needed
straightforward, Lab research :


Identify what is bound to the histadine sites of the octapeptide repeat in BSE, CJD and Scrapie prion material.

Phosmet + live cell culture, transmit the result

Maneb + live cell culture, transmit result.

High Mn and low cu in transgenic mice. Transmit Trial

therapeutic
strategies:


1)Desferrioxamine

2) Porphyrins

3) Atropine/ oxime.