MAY 18

J.R. Nyquist J.R. Nyquist
WND Exclusive
Who was behind the
Bolshevik Revolution?

© 2000

The anti-communist movement in America has long been afflicted by an historical misunderstanding which persists today. There is a widespread teaching about communism and its origins which is false. It is a teaching which has influenced millions of Americans.

The 20th century version of this teaching originated with Russian anti-Semites. Relying on false documents and a conspiratorial hypothesis, these anti-Semites blamed Jews and Freemasons for a wide-ranging global conspiracy to destroy Christianity and create a world government. One of the key historical facts alleged by these Russian anti-Semites has to do with the origins of the Bolshevik Revolution.

In this context, the importance of historical facts and interpretations should not be underestimated. If our historical facts are incorrect, then our political understanding will be weak and our actions will be misdirected. If we believe in enemies and conspiracies that do not exist in reality, then real conspiracies will be misapprehended or ignored.

A body of literature and testimony, based on false assertions and bogus documentation, began to appear in the West after the Bolshevik Revolution. This literature and testimony asserted (and continues to assert) that certain American bankers, who happen to have Jewish names, had financed the Bolshevik Revolution. Once the Russian anti-Semites planted this poisonous seed, it spread rapidly. Henry Ford was an early convert to this claim. Hitler and the Nazis were also believers in it.

After the collapse of Nazi Germany, writers and publicists like Robert Welch, Gary Allen and Anthony Sutton continued to advance the thesis that a sinister Western group financed and directed the communist revolution in Russia. This group, it was said, used international communism to advance their own sinister agenda in the West.

George Knupffer, a Russian emigre, was an early advocate of this view. As a Russian monarchist, he worked to influence American public opinion by writing books. Long before the founding of the John Birch Society by Robert Welch, Knupffer and his compatriots advanced the theory that Russia had been a testing ground -- a preliminary experiment -- used by forces located outside of Russia.

Who was behind this conspiracy?

According to Knupffer, it was the Warburgs and Jacob Schiff of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. that financed the Bolshevik Revolution. These were the alleged culprits and villains behind it all. These were the evil geniuses of the October Revolution. Allen and Sutton followed Knupffer's line -- which had previously been advanced by Henry Ford's anti-Semitic publications of the 1920s and 1930s.

It must be said, in response to this conspiracy theory, that the allegations against the Warburgs and Schiffs are false. These allegations, which originate in anti-Semitic propaganda, have been repeated so often that many good people have come to accept them without question.

In truth, the culprits behind the communist takeover in Russia were not in New York, and they did not have Jewish names. The villains were in Berlin and they had German names. As it happens, the chief architect of the Bolshevik Revolution was none other than German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann. During the First World War the Political Section of the German Foreign Office had been devising a plan to bring revolution to Russia. It was Zimmermann's pet idea. From 1915 to 1917 the German secret service began cultivating socialists of all parties. Baron Gisbert von Romberg, the German minister in Switzerland, urged that the Kaiser put his money behind Lenin and his Bolsheviks. Count Diego von Bergen, the German official in charge of political subversion within Russia, believed that a large enough sum of money could bring Lenin to power.

How much money did the Kaiser provide to Lenin?

The German Social Democrat, Eduard Bernstein, later said that the sum supplied to Lenin by the Kaiser "was very large, an almost unbelievable amount, certainly more than 50 million gold marks."

General Max von Hoffmann, who negotiated the German-Soviet Brest-Litovsk peace treaty, later confirmed: "Lenin and his comrades received vast sums of money from the Kaiser's government for their destructive agitation."

In fact, General Hoffmann admitted that he blackmailed Lenin into signing the Brest-Litovsk treaty, and it is simple to see how this was done. Since Lenin's takeover of Russia had been accomplished with help from German agents and German money while Russia was at war with Germany, Lenin's treason was obvious. All the Germans had to do was publish the truth about their secret alliance with Lenin and the Bolshevik government would collapse.

Once in power, Lenin did not want to sign the peace treaty with Germany. But he had no choice. At the Time Kaiser Wilhelm triumphantly pronounced that Lenin "was finished." The Kaiser could "out" Lenin at any time and bring an end to Russia's Bolsheviks. But Germany disintegrated later that year and the Kaiser abdicated. The treaty with Lenin became meaningless.

The blackmail was left unused and later proved to be something of a scandal and embarrassment for the German military itself.

By a strange quirk of fate, the Bolsheviks broke loose from their Imperial German sponsors.

Aside from German files and memoirs on the subject, French counter-intelligence detected and documented collusion between Lenin and the Kaiser in March 1917. The intelligence service of Russia's Provisional Government also uncovered evidence of German-Bolshevik collusion in July 1917. It was then learned that large sums of money were being channeled to Lenin's people in Russia through the Bank of Siberia in Petrograd. This money was traced back through Scandinavia to Imperial Germany. Because of this discovery, Lenin had to go underground to avoid arrest as a German agent.

In preparing its case against Lenin, the Provisional Government compiled 20 volumes of evidence tying Lenin to German agents and German money.

It is very important that we respect the facts of history. It is even more important that we avoid building our political ideas around false historical claims about New York bankers with Jewish names. The origins of the Marxist revolution in Russia have been documented by an army of researchers and writers. This work needs to be studied and understood.

We cannot combat the false doctrines of the left with a false doctrine of the right.

J.R. Nyquist is a WorldNetDaily contributing editor and author of 'Origins of the Fourth World War.'

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