Times -- [LSN: Never heard of them? That's because it
never really happened. Here are some stories printed in
the New York Times claiming that World War I resulted in
the starvation of six million (five million in some
stories) Eastern European Jews, who, while starving, had
an infant mortality rate of "nearly 100%". As is
mentioned as an aside a bit later on, nearly all the
money raised by these big capitalists like Jacob Schiff
and these media barons like William Fox went to "Soviet
This is presented to show that Judaism has been
engaged in a perpetual pity party since before they had
any reason to be pitied. While the first artiles we
present are from 1926, a bit further down there are
articles from 1920. Note that the same five to six
million people who were starving and dying in the
streets in 1920 had not diminished at all by the time
they were still alleged to be starving six years later,
nor had their starvation been abridged. This confidence
scam was the Jewish community's prep for the "Holocaust"
scam, and demonstrates how organized Judaism has just
been one confidence scam after another played over and
over against across the decades.]
"Will Aid Starving Jews" - NY Times 11/27/1926
Protestant and Catholic clergy to Aid Near East
Washington, November 26 - A movement to enlist 50,000
Protestant and Catholic clergy in an organization to
save 5,000,000 Jews in Eastern and Central Europe was
begun here today under the direction of the American
Christian Fund for Jewish Relief.
Dr. S. Parkes Cadman, President of the Federal
Council of Churches and Judge Victor J. Dowling, a
representative Catholic layman, are joint chairman of
the fund. The call for the movement says one third of
the Jewish population of the world is in distress and in
some parts of Europe the death rate among Jewish babies
is almost 100%.
"The facts are appalling," the call states.
"Thousands of Jews are dying of want right now. Hundreds
of thousands are confronted by the most painful death -
hunger. Unless help is given, 5,000,000 will starve.
This does not mean that they will die immediately, but
that they will linger, with lack of sufficient food, and
some will die next week, some next month and each
succeeding month, unless relief comes, one way or
"Jewish Drive Gains; Total Is $3,085,000" - NY Times,
Contributions of $324,000 Are Reported at First Rally
In Eastern European Appeal
Children Give $152 Saving
Shuberts add $50,000, Untermyer $30,000 and Stauer
$15,000 -Catholic Pastor donates $50
New contributions of $324,000 were announced
yesterday at the first rally and reporting meeting, held
in the Hotel Biltmore, in the United Jewish Campaign to
raise $6,000,000 in Greater New York towards a
$15,000,000 national fund to relieve the millions of
Jews who are suffering from famine, disease and
unemployment in Eastern Europe. The total now subscribed
is $3,035,000, it was announced. The drive will continue
until May 10th.
Among the large subscriptions announced yesteray were
$50,000 from the Shuberts, theatrical managers; $30,000
from Samuel Untermyer, $15,000 from Max D. Stauer,
$15,000 from Nathan J, Miller, $10,000 dollars from Mr.
and Mrs. Jerome J. Hanover, $7,500 from Eli Winkler,
$6,000 from David A. Ansbacher, $1,000 from Mrs. Carl
Pforzheimer and $1,165 from the Women's Town Club
through Mrs. Ernest Grunsfeld.
The Brooklyn section of the campaign reported total
subscriptions of $425,000 toward their $1,200,000 quota.
The women's division announced new subscriptions of
$24,000 , making $274,000 toward their $500,000 quota.
The Far Rockaway section reported a total of $125,000
exceeding their original $100,000 quota, which now has
increased to $150,000.
Children raise $152.25
David M. Bressler, Vice Chairman for New York, who
assumed active leadership of the campaign in the absence
of William Fox, Chairman, after Mr. Fox was called to
California by his motion picture interests, presided at
at yesterday's rally. He announced that one of the
finest contributions to the campaign was $152.25 he had
received from the children of the Hebrew Sheltering
Guardian Society, which had a quota of $110.
Mr. Bressner read a letter from Dr. Leon W. Goldrich,
director of the institution, who said: "Two weeks ago we
fixed a quota for each cottage at the Hebrew Sheltering
Guardian Society. Knowing the financial limitations of
our own dependent boys and girls, we felt that the
children would be making a very great personal sacrifice
if we fixed each cottage quota as high as $10 because
this sum would have been donated in nickels and dimes.
"I am pleased to state that today , after the final
reports were made by the children we found that each of
our eleven cottage of boys and girls had exceeded its
original quota of $10 and that some cottages almost
doubled their original quota."
Edmund and Natalie Lipsky, children of Mr. and Mrs.
Abraham Lipsky of 1469 President Street, Brooklyn, sent
$7.35, representing earnings for doing errands for their
A gift of $25 from Mrs. Henry Bodenheimer, it was
announced, represented the proceeds from the sale of
metal and several watches which she had melt down to aid
in the campaign.
Several gifts from non-Jews were reported. These
included a check for $50 from the Rev. John C. York of
Saint Brigid's Roman Catholic Church, Brooklyn. With the
check Father York sent a letter saying he was glad to do
all in his power to further the humanitarian purpose of
Rabbi Krass Speaks
Dr, Nathan Krass, rabbi of Temple Emmanu-El in an
address at the rally said:
"When a man or a woman is enthusiastic in the fullest
sense of the term, they would die for a cause if
necessary. We do not ask you to die. We ask you to live
and to live so that your efforts will be indicative of
the firmness of your own faith in this great cause.
"Those of you who are going to visit the Orthodox
Jews, tell them that $18 will save one life, and that
the word eighteen in Hebrew is "chai," which means '18'
and it also means 'life.' If you talk to them in this
language, you will probably be able to reach them."
Mrs. Abraham I. Elkus, chairman of the women's
"Every woman who is registered is working. Our daily
trouble is that we haven't quite enough women working.
"Our duty is to give every woman in New York the
privilege of helping. As I wrote to one woman, 'It is
hard enough for the people in Europe to have to go on a
bread line, but the saddest thing, the most horrible
thing, is to go on a bread line and find that there is
"That is what we have to bring forward in this
campaign. That if we don't give the money there is not
even going to be bread on the bread line. And there are
not going to be tools for the workmen, and there is not
going to be any license paid and any chance for them to
Theatrical Group Formed
All branches of the theatrical business were
represented at a luncheon in the Biltmore yesterday, at
which the theatrical division was organized. Louis
Marshall, the principal speaker, said that the Jews of
America constituted one- quarter of the Jews of the
world, and possessed practically all of the Jewish
wealth of the world.
"We are now called upon to help one-half of all the
Jews on the face of the globe." Mr. Marshall continued.
"We are called upon to help a people who have put up a
valiant battle against the current that is dragging them
down. They have struggled as no people have ever
struggled and today they are facing the blackest tragedy
that has ever confronted any human group.
"I firmly believe that when the national debt
question is settled and Europe can begin to function
normally, that the Jewish situation will improve. But,
in the meanwhile, not only in Poland, in Russia and
Bessarabia, but also in Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia,
Austria, and every other country in Eastern Europe,
death stalks in every Jewish home. We must help them to
bridge over this terrible period. The star of hope to
which their eyes are strained is right here in America.
It is the promise of this campaign, let us not let this
star wane on the horizon.
"I'd rather go down to death with the starving Jews
of Poland than live with men of affluence whose hearts
are so cruel that they will not give help to others."
"Jews at Rallies Hear Drive Pleas" -NY Times
United Campaign Enters Second Week With $2,474, 960
of $6,000,000 lacking
APPEAL MADE TO CHILDREN
Boy, 9 turns in Savings Bank - Gristede's to Give 10%
of Day's net - Salesmen offer Commissions
With $2,474,960 of New York's $6,000,000 quota toward
the $15,000,000 national fund for the relief of Jews in
Eastern Europe still to be raised, the second and last
week of the United Jewish campaign in Greater New York
meetings in synagogues, Reformed temples, sabbath
schools, Talmud Torah's, club houses, Y.M.H.A.
buildings, community centers, lodge rooms, and labor
union headquarters. DAvid M. Bressler, Acting Chairman
of the drive, estimated that the total attendace was
about 500,000 persons. No contributions were taken at
these meetings. but speakers spread the message of the
sufferings of millions of Jews abroad to at least one
third of the Jewish population of New York City. Last
night's appeal, according to managers of the campaign,
is expected greatly swell the total of contribution
Brown Tells of Emergency
The feature of the series of meetings was an address
by David A. Brown, National Chairman of the drive, which
was read at all the meetings, MR Brown said:
"Never in the history of the Jewish people, dating
back for centuries, was there a situation like this, and
never before in the history of the Jewish people was was
there an emergency as great as this.
"Women and children are dropping on the streets from
hunger in Bassarabia [sic]. Many others are found dead
in their homes in Poland. A horrible scourge of of
typhus is sweeping over the Jews in both lands, adding
to the toll of death.
"In thousands of homes, men, women and children are
sick to the point of utter exhaustion from hunger. There
is another gruesome picture that that is given in the
cable received by me and the Joint Distribution
Committee in the last few days that unless substantial
help came quickly - the Jewish orphan asylums will be
compelled to close because their resources have been
exhausted to the last penny. Thousands of children will
be turned out into the streets to roam about aimlessly,
hopelessly, blindly. Many children already on the
streets eat what they can find in garbage cans or what
they can pilfer from a shop or a stand. They sleep in
alleys, in cellars. They are ragged. They are tattered
and their morals are being destroyed.
"My European correspondents inform me that hundreds
are killing themselves, are hastening death because
their sufferings have made them impatient of its
"This without the slightest attempt at exaggeration
is the situation in which millions - I repeat, millions
- of our Jews in Europe are trapped. This is the
situation which thus far we have coped with almost in
"The Jews of America must immediately respond to this
effort; they must make a sum of money greater than has
ever been raised in the history of the Jews in this
country in order that the tragedy which is overwhelming
millions of their own flesh and blood shall be stayed.
Ex-Ambassador Gerard speaks
The help which non-Jews are giving to the drive was
illustrated by an address made last night by James W.
Gerard, former ambassador to Germany, at the meeting in
Temple B'nai Jeshurun, Eighty-eighth Street and West End
Contrasting America's stability with the economic and
civil disturbances in European countries, Mr. Gerard
showed how, in Eastern Europe, the Jews were the butt of
the unrest and were therefore in need of the succor
which the campaign is seeking to send.
Mr. Gerard said that while it was peculiarly fitting
for those whom the newspapers choose to call 'Nordics'
to preach and practice tolerance in this country, he
wanted his hearers to impress upon the Eastern and
Central Jewish immigrants to uphold America's
institutions and not to upset them. He mentioned, among
the large contributors to the fund, Felix M. Warburg,
Louis Marshall, Benjamin Winter, Frederick Brown and
Harry Fischell, and said that they had taken advantage
of this country's opportunities and had become wealthy.
"They didn't march around with red flags nor did they
go to Socialist schools and devise plans whereby this
government might be overthrown," Mr. Gerard said. "They
settled down to work and from the wealth they gathered -
some by speculating in New York real estate - they are
giving so much to their brethren in Europe. But they are
entitled to every cent of profit they have made out of
real estate, because they bet on the stability of the
institutions of the United States.
MR. Gerard outlined many disturbing factors in Europe
today. In England there is the strike, the probable
results of which he pictured for his audience. Speaking
of France, he said the franc "has almost dropped out of
sight and may follow the German mark." The reason for
this, he asserted, is that while the country is
economically prosperous, the "citizens refuse to perform
their duties as citizens and pay taxes."
The ex-Ambassador spoke of Mussolini's dictatorship
in Italy, the military dictatorship in Spain, the
industrial breakdown in Russia, the political troubles
of Rumania and Hungary, and the warfare in Turkey and in
Syria. Because the Jews are engaged in commerce and
trade these disturbances affect them most keenly, he
Mrs. I. D. Morrison, Vice PResident of the
sisterhood, presided. There was a musical program in
which Miss Dorothea Edwards and Arcady Berkenholz
Extent of Tragedy
Rabbi Israel Goldstein, who introduced Mr. Gerard,
"The tragedy of Jewish suffering has never before,
until the recent devastating war, covered so large an
area or affected so large a population.
"At the same time it is also true, and that is the
one great consolation, that never before in any crisis
affecting one portion of Jewry, was there as bright a
prospect of salvationfrom another portion of Jewry as
exists today in the affluence and general wealth of
"To raise their quota of $6,000,000 for the relief of
Eastern European Jewry, the Jews of New York are not
even obliged to curtail their luxuries. It need only
come from their unused surplus, so fortunate is their
condition in this land at this time.
"I have faith that the Jewish heart, which always
beats in rhythm with the Jewish need, will not fail in
The story of the suffering of the Jews of Eastern
Europe was told by MR. Bressler in an address before
members of Temple Ansche Chesed, 111th Street and
"The eyes of the entire Jewish world are on the Jews
of New York during these weeks," he said. "This, the
largest wealthiest Jewish community that has ever
existed in the history of our people, is expected to
respond adequately to the tragic cry of millions of our
flesh and blood, or to plead guilty to the charge of
moral murder. The Jew in this city, man or woman, who,
not being himself into the $6,000,000 fund will be
responsible for the death of some man, woman or child in
Europe as responsible need of charity, does not
contribute as if he had committed murder with his own
Service Is Needed
Vice Chairman Jonah J. Goldstein, who was the
principal speaker at the Institutional Synagogue, said:
"This is a campaign to save lives over there by
raising money here. We need man-power and woman-power to
go and get it. We seek service as well as money. No one
can excuse himself for not giving because he or she has
not been asked. The cries of the sufferers have been
loud enough to be heard the world over. The cooperation
of the newspapers in bringing this cry to the hearts of
the people has been unparalleled in the history of
philanthropy in this city. The salvation and lives of
one-half of the Jews of the world is in our hands. There
must be and is one answer, "Your brothers in Israel are
coming to your rescue."
Judge Grover M. Moscowitz, Chairman of the Brooklyn
division of the campaign, addressed several meetings in
Brooklyn. Rabbi Louis Gross, Samuel J. Levinson and
Harry Helpern also visited organizations making pleas
for generous support of the drive.
At the Talmud Torah Pride of Israel in Williamsburg,
Judge Moscowitz said:
"The depths of despair reached by our suffering
people in Eastern Europe can be equaled only by the
depths of degradation reached by those of their
coreligionists in this city and country who hear their
cries and remain deaf to this appeal.
"If we do not help these people, these men, women and
children of our faith, race and kin, then nobody will
aid them. Either we help them, or they perish -
miserably, hopelessly - not all of them, to be sure, but
in unnumbered thousands. That is God's simple truth.
There has never before been a more appalling period in
the history of the Jew."
Judge Mitchell May, addressing a large group in
"We hear about the people who are tired of giving and
the people who are tired of working and the people who
are tired of sacrificing, but do these people who suffer
in want and deprivation, who suffer in sickness and
disease, do they ever grow tired of that suffering? Do
they ever grow tired of sickness and disease? Do we stop
and reflect that God has given us strength and health,
God has given us power that we can buy all the comforts
of the world - that they are our neighbors and our
brothers and our children who are starving and in need
and distress? I cannot conceive of anyone who can put
his head down on his pillow at night and think that
someone else is suffering, that someone else is starving
and dying, when he could give relief. If there be such a
person, he is not a Jew - he has not theinstincts that
every Jewish soul must have. He is false to his
traditions, false to his people, and false to himself."
Says Jews Here Won't Fall
Speaking at Ninth Avenue Temple, Judge Edward
"Starvation and pestilence are at hand. Thousands of
Jews are suffering intensely and at death's door. They
must be succored. The call is irresistable - it cannot
be denied. The appeal is heart-rending, it may not be
overlooked. The Jews of America, happy and prosperous,
are the only ones who have power of staying disaster.
They have never failed to do their duty - they will not
An appeal was made yesterday to the pupils of several
hundred Jewish religious schools in all the boroughs of
the city except Brooklyn, which will have its Children's
Day next Sunday. It was estimated that the Children's
gifts would amount to between $50,000 and $75,000
although complete tabulation was not made last night.
The pupils of the Temple B'nai Jeshurus religious
school gave $200 and the 250 students in the high school
department paid $10 each, to be paid in one year out of
their personal allowances. A 6 year old boy took his
savings bank, nearly filled with coins, to the campaign
headquarters at the Hotel Biltmore and said he wanted to
help. The bank holds $10 when filled and does not open
until filled, so the boy said he would bring in
additional coins until the $10 was reached. Teachers and
pupils of the Hebrew Technical School for girls, Second
Avenue and Fifteenth Street, gave $100, of which $54.50
was from the pupils.
Mr. Bressler announced that he had a letter from
Gristede Brothers, Inc., that this concern would donate
to the campaign 10 per cent of the proceeds next
Thursday of all cash sales in its 115 chain grocery
stores in in Manhatten, the Bronx, Mt. Vernon, Yonkers,
New Rochelle, White Plains, Bronxville, LArchmont,
Tarrytown, Port Chester, Rye, Pelham, Mamarcneck,
Scarsdale, Hastings, and Greenwich Conn. The pledge was
secured by Mrs. Isaac Kuble of the Advisory Board of the
Women's Division of the campaign, to which the amount
raised will be credited.
Two $1,000 donations from non-Jews were reported by
Leon Lauterstein, Chairman of the Rockaway Division. One
is from H. Hobart Porter, and the other from Thomas
Williams, both of Lawrence L. L. Another non-Jewish
contribution reported by Brooklyn headquarters was
$2,000 from the W. M. Ritter Flooring Corporation.
Salesmen Pledge Commissions
Salesmen of Kunst & Small, lining makers, a firm
represented in the Cotton Goods Committee of the Trade
Division, have voluntarily pledged all their commissions
earned in the first week of the drive to the fund.
A meeting of the real estate group will be held today
at the campaign headquarters to plan the final intensive
effort raise $1,000,000 from members of the industry.
Harry Goodstein, Chairman of the group, announced that
$403,000 of the quota is already in hand. Rabbis of
Greater New York have already contributed $8,000 toward
the $10,000 quota assigned to them, according to a
report made by Rabbi Israel Goldstein, President of the
New York Board of Jewish Ministers and chairman of the
Rabbis Committee of the campaign. Among those who have
made gifts are:
"Jews Ask Public To Aid War Victims" -NY Times,
Non-Sectarian Appeal For $7,500,000 Starts Today With
Sermons In All Churches
Poland's Woe Appalling
Campaign to be pressed by 10,000 active workers in
the five boroughs
A famished child upon the auction block, a mother in
the foreground pleading for aid, death with outstretched
arms lurking near and the legend "Shall Death Be the
Such is the pictorial representation of the needs of
stricken peoples in the war-devastated zones of Central
and Eastern Europe which will confront New Yorkers
everywhere today. Back of that representation stands an
organization designed to take advatage of every channel
to press home to the people of this city the need for
contributing toward the $7,500,000 to be raised here
this week by the Greater New York Appeal for Jewish War
This fund is but a tithe of that which must be
subscribed in the entire country if disaster to whole
peoples is to be averted. The world nature of the
calamity, which has overtaken men, women and children,
deprived not only of life's bare necessities but of all
means of rehabilitating themselves without aid from the
outside, has led leading Jews of New York and the nation
to turn to the public, irrespective of creed, for help.
Heretofore the Jews themselves have contributed many
many millions which have been expended by the Joint
Distribution Committee through relief agencies of all
countries and without regard to the religious beliefs of
those in need. This time the burden is too gigantic to
be borne by Jews alone.
Millions Racked by War
A pen picture of actual conditions, typical of those
in several countries, has been sent to the Campaign
Committee by Dr. Boris H. Bogen of this city, now in
Warsaw as head of the First Relief Unit, sent abroad by
the Joint Distribution Committee. Dr. Bogen writes:
"Hunger, cold rags, desolation, disease, death - Six
million human beings without food, shelter, clothing or
medical treatment in what now are but the wastes of once
fair lands ravaged by long years of war or blighted by
"That, in a few words is the actual situation in all
those countries that constituted what was known during
the conflict as the Eastern theatre of the war.
'Words cannot adequately convey nor can any picture
be drawn which can bring home to comfortable, affluent,
happy New Yorkers surrounded by their family and
friends, riding in their automobiles, enjoying every
luxury, the utter, abject, hopeless misery confronting
the population of these lands, a population almost equal
to that of New York City itself. If you would try to
visualize, to realize the situation, place yourself at
the corner of Fifth Avenue and Forty-second Street.
"The once teeming avenue is all but deserted. Gone
are the gay equipages, their bejeweled occupants and
liveried attendants. No longer are the sidewalks filled
with a surging crowd of gayly dressed men and women. The
street is all but still. Laughter and lively chatter are
heard no more.
"Instead old men lean for support against the
buildings. Mothers, with dying babes tugging vainly at
their breasts sit along the curbs. The flower of what
was once the young manhood and womanhood of the city is
not in the picture, for they, by the thousands and tens
of thousands, lie stricken in the overcroded hospitals,
laid low by the breath of a pestilence.
Too Weak to Cry for Bread
"Little children with wasted frames and swollen
bodies, cling to their mothers' rags, too weak to even
cry for the bread that is not to be had.
"A bitter wind sweeps through the avenue from the
north. A man - his tatters cannot be called clothes -
his face blue and pinched, looks at you with unseeing
eyes. You do not at first recognize him. It then dawns
on you that you have seen that face before. It is the
face of a friend, a man who but a few short months
before was well-to-do, a banker, as prosperous, well fed
and well dressed as you are now. He reaches out his arms
toward you and falls at your feet. You stoop down to
lift him up. He is dead!-Hunger did it.
"The scene is not exaggerated. Not overdrawn. It has
its exact counter part in hundreds of cities, towns, and
villages throughout Central and Eastern Europe at this
very moment. The call comes from one human being to
another, from those who have less than nothing to those
who have much. It is the call of humanity.
"At no time during the war, in any land, not either
in Belgium or Northern France, was their a situation
more critical, a need more great, a demand for sacrifice
and help more insistent than now comes from Eastern and
Central Europe. Both the present and future existence of
an entire people are at stake."
The campaign is receiving the active cooperation and
support of archbishop Patrick J. Hayes of the Roman
Catholic Diocese, Bishop Charles S. Burch of Episcopal
diocese, Bishop Luther B. Wilson, President of the Board
of Foreign Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Miss Evangeline Booth, Commander of the Salvation Army.
Members of the executive committee include Cleveland
H. Dodge, Treasurer of the Committee for the Relief in
the Near East: President Nicholas Murray Butler of
Columbia University. George Gordon Battla, Otto T.
Bannard, John C. Agar, the Rev. Dr. David J. Hurrell,
Robert Grier Cooke, Paul G. Cravath, Francis D.
Gallatin, Charles H. Sabin, President of the Guaranty
Trust Company: former Attorney General George W.
Wickersham, Judge Joseph F. Mulqueen, Judge William H.
Wadhams and Alfred E. Marling.
The appeal is to be brought home forcibly to the
people of New York in many ways. Today is Church Sunday,
and there will be special sermons in churches of all
denominations. The Rev. Dr. S. Parkes Cadman has
prepared a model sermon for Protestant churches. Vicar
General Joseph F. Mooney has written a message to the
Roman Catholic churches, and Dr. Nathan Stern, rabbi of
the West End Synagogue, prepared an appeal to be read to
the Jewish congregations.
Children in the public schools, through the
cooperation of the Board of Education, are to hear the
story of the sufferings of the children in other lands.
In theaters, moving-picture houses, clubs, hotels and
restaurants. In short, wherever people are gathered
together, the conditions they are asked to alleviate
will be made clear to them.
It is estimated that not fewer than 10,000 active
workers have been enlisted in the cause in the five
boroughs. The organization for the campaign has been
divided into these parts: The organization of the trades
and industries, so that not a single business or
profession in the city has been overlooked: the women's
division, embracing 3,000 women workers under the
leadership of Mrs. I. Unterberg. Mrs. Samuel C. Lamport
and Mrs. S.S. Prince, which has divided the city into
districts: the women organized the schools and churches
and will make a direct appeal to the homes and to the
neighborhood store-keepers; the third organization is is
that of the boroughs, each borough, Manhattan, the
Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Richmond, having a borough
"The Sad Plight Of Jews" -NY Times 11/12/1919
Felix M. Warburg says that they were the worst
sufferers in war
Felix M. Warburg, Chairman of the Join Distribution
Committee of American Funds for Jewish War Sufferers,
who returned several days ago from a trip to Europe for
that organization, made public yesterday some of his
"The successive blows of contending armies have all
but broken the back of European Jewry," he said, "and
have reduced to tragically unbelievable poverty,
starvation and disease about 6,000,000 souls, or half
the Jewish population of the earth.
"The Jewish people throughout Eastern Europe, by
sheer accident of geography, have suffered more from the
war than any other element of the population. The
potential vitality and the capacity for self-help that
remains to these people after the last five years is
amazing to me."
"The people are deeply moved by the help given them
by America, Mr. Warburg said, but it would be fatal to
lessen the emergency aid now while millions are in
tragic need. The $30,000,000 spent by the committee, he
said, has fed and clothed more than a million children
and has renewed the hope of five million parents and
"For more than four years," he said, "The war on the
Eastern front was fought largely in the congested
centres of Jewish population. A straight north and south
line from Riga, on the Baltic, to Salonika, on the
Aegean Sea, will touch every important battle area of
the Eastern war zone and every centre of Jewish
population. After the cataclysm of the last few years it
is too much to expect this Jewry to become
self-sustaining in a short twelve-month."
Mr. Warburg is concerned over the program soon to be
started for the discontinuance of of emergency relief.
This plan, he said, calls for the formation of a
$10,000,000 reconstruction corporation.
"This organization," he said, "would afford
facilities for constructive aid to Jews abroad in the
way of loans and credit at nominal interest rates. The
value of this sort of assistance as a substitute for
pure charity is apparent."
"Other relief projects recommended by Mr. Warburg
include the establishment of an express company to
forward money and packages from Jews in this country to
relatives and friends abroad; the distribution of
$120,000 worth of fuel in sections of Poland where
destitution is greatest; the purchase of $300,000 worth
of cloth in the bolt whereby unemployed workmen of
Poland may get new material, and a plan to reunite those
Jewish families that have relatives in the United States
and those who have become separated abroad.
"The Jewish War Sufferers" -NY Times 05/03/1920
The non-sectarian character of the drive on behalf of
the Jewish war sufferers was emphasized in the appeal
which marked its formal beginning yesterday. An
accompanying letter was signed by Evangeline Booth of
the Salvation Army, Bishop Burch, Archbishop Hayes and
many other representatives of Christian churches. A
statement of the nature of the crisis was prepared by
the Rev, Dr. S. Parkes Cadman and sent to every
Protestant minister in the city to serve as a basis for
an announcement from the pulpit. A similar statement for
the Catholic churches was sent out by Mgr. Joseph P.
Hitherto the Jews have financed their own charities,
and with a liberality and skill that have been
universally recognized, The present need transcends the
means of any single sect and centers in a catastrophe
which threatens the entire world. In Russia and the
neighboring countries the Jews have been subject to a
particularly malignant persecution which has not ended
with the war. Without any national organization of their
own, they have no central organization to appeal to.
Living in segregated and generally impoverished
communities, their misery is cumulative to an extent
unknown among other sufferers. It is estimated that more
than five million are are actually starving or on the
verge of starvation, and a virulent typhus epidemic is
raging among them and is already spreading among the
neighboring populations. Both in the intensity and the
extent of present suffering and in the menace it holds
out for all Europe, the situation is one which directly
concerns the public spirited of all races and creeds.
The quota of New York City is $7,500,000. On the
American Joint distribution Committee are Professer
Harry Fisher of Chicago, Professor Israel Friedlander,
Max Pine, and Maurice Kass. In their work of
distributing food and medical aid through the ghettos of
Central Europe they are obliged to proceed without the
protection of the government of the United States, which
has no diplomatic relations with Soviet Russia. Ample
precautions will be taken, however, to make sure that
the supplies will be used for the purposes in hand. It
is a work of mercy that makes a peculiar appeal to both
the hearts and the interests of a common humanity.
"A Work of Mercy" -NY Times 04/21/1921
Hitherto the Jews have financed their own
philanthropies, and with a liberality and skill which
has been universally recognized. In behalf of those of
their religion who are still suffering in the war-ridden
districts of Europe they are now for the first time
seeking oustide aid.
With the fate of Belgium and Serbia it was easy to
sympathize. A nation's territory was invaded and its
citizens were making a united stand. The Jews have no
fatherland, no means of uniting in the common defense.
Yet from the outset, wherever the call came, they
fought, and fought bravely, for the allied cause.
Meantime, in the widely scattered lands the folk at home
suffered as perhaps those of no other people, and their
suffering has has in many localities long outlasted the
In Europe there are today more than 5,000,000 Jews
who are starving or on the verge of starvation, and many
are in the grip of a virulent typhus epidemic. An appeal
has been issued throughout the world. The quota of New
York City is $7,500,000. The drive will occupy the week
of May 2-9, and will be based wholly upon the principle
of sympathy and a common humanity.
"Germans let Jews Die" -NY Times 08/10/1917
Women and Children in Warsaw Starving to Death
Through the intelligence Department of the Mayor's
Committee on National Defense, the Provisional Zionist
Committee last night made public a letter describing the
conditions among Jews in Warsaw under German rule. The
name of the writer of the letter is not divulged for
obvious reasons. The veracity and authenticity of the
letter is vouched for by the Zionist Committee, of which
Dr. Stephen S. Wise is Chairman, and Supreme Court
Justice Louis D. Brandeis honorary chairman. The letter
says, in part:
"Death from starvation is a real fact. It is
witnessed here all over, in every street, at every step,
in every house. Jewish mothers, mothers of mercy, feel
happy to see their nursing babies die; at least they are
through with their suffering.
"Our wealthiest people cut off their daughters' hair
and sell it to be able to buy the indispensible things
like bread for their dying children. Four and five-year
old children have become so weak that they must be
carried in the arms like babies. Fathers should they
return from the battlefield will meet of their five and
six children they kissed good-by when they left for the
war two or probably one or more.
"How long yet will this suffering last? From where
will our help come? A committee has been sent to
Switzerland to maintain our soup kitchens, but I doubt
the success of the mission. Help us, help us. Awaken,
America. This is our only hope. Should America not aid
us we will be lost."
"1,500,000 RUSSIAN JEWS REPORTED STARVING" -NY Times
British Coreligionists are Exhorted to Raise
$5,000,000 to succor them.
London, Monday, Nov. 1. - At a meeting held here
yesterday in behalf of the fund for the relief of Jewish
victims of the war in Russia it was announced that
1,500,000 Russian Jews were starving.
Leopold de Rothschild presided, and Lord Swaythling,
Chief Rabbi Hertz, Israel Zangwill, and other prominent
Jews were present.
Rabbi Hertz described the task before those raising
the fund as vast and urgent. The response to the appeal
for funds from the British Jews, he said, was not nearly
adequate, mainly owing to their ignorance of the real
state of affairs. For nearly a year there had been a
sinister silence in the general press, broken only
occasionally by a sneer at the Jews on the part of the
preachers of race hatred and apologists for reaction.
The Jews, he added, were face to face with a tragedy
unparalleled in the history of Jewish agony.
The Petrograd authoritiesm Rabbi Hertz concluded,
expected a million pounds ($5,000,000) from the British
Jews, and only $300,000 had been raised. He said the
present call was for sacrifice and and self-taxation.
Jews Indifference to War Aid Rebuked
Louis Marshall Denounces Apathy Toward Suffering of
MILLIONS IN DIRE DISTRESS
Jacob H. Schiff, Meyer London, and Dr. Enelow Plead
with the Rich to Give
Louis Marshall, speaking at a meeting in Temple
Emmanu-El last night, deplore what he termed the failure
of the Jews of America, particularly of New York, to
realize the terrible calamity that has overtaken the
millions of Jews whose homes are in the Eastern Theatre
of the European war.
The meeting was held in the interest of the American
Jewish Relief committee, of which committee Mr. Marshall
is President. Besides Mr. Marshall, congressman-elect
Meyer London, and the Rev. Dr. H. G. Enelow of Temple
Emmanu- El spoke. Like Mr. Marshall, each deplored the
fact that the Jews of America have not given the
assistance they should to their suffering
co-religionists. Further emphasis on the same subject
was contained in a letter from Jacob H. Schiff, read by
"It is discouraging," said Mr. Marshall, "to those
who have devoted so much time and energy to this work
that that there has been so small a response from Jews
in New York, a city which is so great a Jewish centre.
It seems to me that the people are so dazed by the
European cataclysm that they are unable to realize that
it is their duty to aid those who are suffering through
In the world today there about 13,000,000 Jews, of
whom more than 6,000,000 are in the very heart of the
war zone; Jews whose lives are at stake and who today
are subjected to every manner of suffering and sorrow,
and the great American Jewish community is not doing its
duty toward these sufferers. In the United States there
are between 2,000,000 and 3,000,000 Jews, nearly all
able to do something and yet, after months of work, we
have not raised more than $300,000. In New York there
more than 1,000,000 Jews, some of them persons of great
affluence, but many of them seem to think if they give a
few hundred dollars they have done their duty.
We hear of pogroms in Russia, in Poland, in Galicia,
and yet we sit indifferent. In Palestine starvation
stalks through the land. Shall we selfishly enjoy
ourselves and say we would like to, but cannot help
because of hard times and think we are doing our duty?
No. The time has come for every man woman and child to
do his duty, and we must fulfill that duty quickly or it
may be too late in hundreds of thousands of cases."
At this point Mr. Marshall read Mr. Schiff's letter.
Mr. Schiff said his own interest in the work was
intense, and that it should appeal to every Jew. Private
reports he has received, Mr. Schiff said, showed
conditions in Russia, Palestine Poland, and Galicia the
frightful nature of which could not be pictured.
He said that the Emmanu-El congregation is the
largest and wealthiest in the United States and hoped
that its members would give in proportion to their
means. He further suggested a committee to canvas the
congregation for a Temple Emmanu-El fund, and said he
would contribute. Mr. Marshall put the suggestion in the
form of a motion which was unanimously carried. Mr.
Marshall will name the committee soon.
Mr. London said this was the "worst period in Jewish
history," and that the saving of millions of Jewish
people depended on the generosity of more fortunate Jews
of the United States.
Dr. Enelow emphasized what Mr. Marshall had said and,
added that never before were the Jews of this country
confronted with so great a duty.