Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933 and on the  7th August 1933 he entered into a Pact with representatives of the World Jewish Agency, the future Leaders of Israel.   The Pact was called the ‘Haavara’ Agreement. ‘Haavara in Hebrew means much like, ‘Moving house’.


Hitler considered the Haavara Agreement to be a top priority for his administration and by November of 1933 it was in full swing and it kept functioning until at least 1942.


The German Interior Ministry was made responsible for the logistics of the scheme and the Reichsbank and the German Treasury  were responsible for financing the mass emmigration.


According to the Jewish Author Tom Segev,  the Haavara Agreement saved the World Jewish Agency from bankruptcy.


While Jewish students were being evicted from German schools the Jewish Agency set up schools in Germany for Jewish students.  Jewish Teachers were bought to Germany from Palestine and everything was paid for by the Nazis.  Not only were these Schools and teachers paid for by the Nazis but there was absolutely no interference from the Nazis as to the teaching curriculum.

As well as Jewish Schools  the Nazis set up Adult training programmes to prepare the Jewish youth for life in Palestine . The first Kibbutz farm was set up in Germany. 




The Jewish Youth Organisation in Germany was called the ‘BETAR’,  (aka. Bethar) they wore brown uniforms and the Nazis allowed them to hold Meetings, Seminars, Summer Camps, Sportsmeetings, Go Sailing ,  Go Tramping in the countryside and hand out  Patriotic leaflets about Zionism.   The Betar was the Jewish/ Zionist Version of the HJ  (Hitler Jugend).

One day a small group of SS men attacked a Betar Summer Camp and the Camp Leader complained to the local Gestapo.   A few days later the Gestapo called the Betar Camp Leader to inform him that the offending SS Men had been punished and would he (the Betar Camp Leader)  please inform the Gestapo what would be an acceptable payment for damages.

Sounds incredible doesn’t it, that the Gestapo punished the SS for damaging Jewish property, and then paying for the damage.




Dr Werner Feilchenfeld who was General Manager  for the Haavara Trust from 1936 until 1942 gives the pure monetary costs at  139,6 Million Reichsmark and this did not include the mass of material and equipment also sent to Palestine , this material included Coal,  Iron and Metal products and machines for Desalinating Sea water.   From 1933 – 1941 around 100 Jewish settlements were built in West Galilea.

Since the end of the  war many Jews have called the Haavara Agreement  a Pact with the Devil, but Nahum Goldman described the Agreement as being  quote; ‘an indispensable factor in the creation of the state of Palestine.’

The Arabs however were so concerned,  by the close co-operation between the Nazis and the Zionists that they became convinced that Hitler must be a Jew who was just trying to establish a Jewish State throughout the Middle East.




In 1933 and 1934 The SS Untersturmführer  Leopold Itz von Mildenstein from the SS Office for Jewish Affairs, travelled to Palestine on fact finding missions and he was accompanied on these tours by a number of Zionist officials.   Although his first tour was planned for five months,  v Mildenstein stayed over 6 months.    He became a welcome guest at many Kibbutz Farms.


His PRO-Zionist report,  later printed in the Reichspropaganda Ministry Official magazine ‘ANGRIFF’  with the title   ‘A Nazi travels to Palestine’ (Ein Nazi fährt nach Palästina ‘)  was so filled with praise and compliments about the work being done by the German Jewish settlers in Palestine that Goebbels had a special coin minted in honour of the Co-operation. The coin had a Star of David on one side and a Swastika on the other side.  In recognition of this coin, Palestines largest fruit growing firm decorated its Placard Advertising signs for Jaffa Oranges,   with a huge portrait of King David flanked by Swastika flags.  




In 1935 Germany introduced strict race laws, regulating who was considered to be a German and who not.

 Instead of being upset by these laws, the head of the German Jewish Community and Head of Germany’s Zionist Movement Mr Georg Kareski gave an interview to the SS magazine ‘ANGRIFF’ printed on the 23 December 1935 in which he said he had been trying for years to find a method to keep the two races (Germans & Jews) separate,  and he considered the race laws from the 15th Sept 1935 supported the Jewish desires.  The Jews had been struggling against assimilation for nearly 2000 years and they needed such laws to support them in their struggle.




Dr Feilchenfeld managed to get six further European countries to sign up to the Haavara Agreement but Gestapo Reports from 16th January 1937 reveal there was an enormous amount of growing opposition to the Haavara Agreement coming from powerful Jewish circles in the USA who were concerned that their own sphere of influence was dwindling with every Jew that emigrated or was deported from Europe.   In other words American Jewish Power in Europe was dependant on having as many Jews in Europe as they could possibly have.


As well as the American Jews, not all Jews were Zionists and many of these had been doing well financially living in Europe and didn’t want to leave.   Many of these Jews were extremely rich and powerful and they had started to use their influence to sabotage the Haavara Agreement. They set up armed resistance and agitator groups to fight against Hitlers idea.  They also spread fabricated ‘atrocity’ propaganda about how badly Jews were being treated in Germany.  This propaganda was designed to swing world opinion against Hitlers Haavara Pact.


From 1936 many thousands of German / Jewish men actually went to Spain to fight for the Bolsheviks against Gen Franco and found themselves facing members of Germanys Condor Legion…the first time Germans and Jews had been in direct armed conflict.


Another source of resistance was coming from Hitler himself  who was also having second thoughts about setting up a Jewish Nation State. He realised that by helping setup a Jewish Nation State, and sending thousands of Jews to that State,  he was actually giving all those Jewish forces who were gathering themselves against him, Money, Manpower and a central gathering point.  

Although the Haavara Agreement continued right on into WW2, most of the Jews that were later allowed to leave Germany were not of military age.

Hitler had already made other plans for the Jews, and they were to;  

a)    Make young and healthy Jews work for their food and lodgings in factories and  

b) Resettle all other Jews in Western Russia south of Minsk until after the war finished.