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Hispanics
A Statistical Portrait
September 2006



Major Findings

Income and Wealth

  • Per capita income of Hispanics is one half that of non-Hispanic whites, and household net worth is less than one tenth.

  • Fifty percent of Hispanic households use some form of welfare, the highest rate of any major population group.

Crime

  • Hispanics are 3.3 times more likely to be in prison than whites; they are 4.2 times more likely to be in prison for murder, and 5.8 times more likely to be in prison for felony drug crimes.

  • Young Hispanics are 19 times more likely than young whites (and slightly more likely than young blacks) to be in youth gangs.

Education

  • Hispanics drop out of high school at three times the white rate and twice the black rate.

  • Even third-generation Hispanics drop out of school at a higher rate than blacks and are less likely to be college graduates.

  • From 1992 to 2003, Hispanic illiteracy in English rose from 35 percent to 44 percent.

  • The average Hispanic 12th-grader reads and does math at the level of the average white 8th-grader.

Families and Health

  • At 43 percent, the Hispanic illegitimacy rate is twice the white rate, and Hispanic women have abortions at 2.7 times the white rate.

  • Hispanics are three times more likely than whites not to have medical insurance, and die from AIDS and tuberculosis at three times the white rate.

  • In California, the cost of free medical care for illegal aliens forced 60 hospitals to close between 1993 and 2003.

Attitudes

  • Only 33 percent of citizens of Hispanic origin consider themselves “Americans” first. The rest consider themselves either “Hispanic/Latino” or their former nationality first.